Xiaotao Chen

Learn More
Understanding stage-dependent oncogenic mechanisms is critical to develop not only targeted therapies, but also diagnostic markers and preventive strategies. The mechanisms acting during cancer initiation remain elusive, largely owing to a lack of suitable animal models and limited availability of human precancerous lesions. Here we show using genetic mouse(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocytes possess a remarkable capacity to regenerate and reconstitute the parenchyma after liver damage. However, in the case of chronic injury, their proliferative potential is impaired and hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are activated, resulting in a ductular reaction known as oval cell response. Proapoptotic and survival signals maintain a(More)
We previously reported that inhibition of SVH-B, a specific splicing variant of SVH, results in apoptotic cell death. In this study, we reveal that this apoptosis may be dependent on the presence of p53. Co-immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays have demonstrated that SVH-B directly interacts with p53. In both BEL-7404 cells and p53-null Saos-2 cells(More)
CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) is a transcriptional regulatory factor that inhibits cell proliferation, and alternative translational initiation produces two polypeptides, C/EBPalphap30 and C/EBPalphap42. By expression profiling, it was revealed that C/EBPalphap30 specifically inhibited a unique set of genes, including MPP11, p84N5 and(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines are useful in vitro models for the study of primary HCCs. Because cell lines acquire additional mutations in culture, it is important to understand to what extent HCC cell lines retain the genetic landscapes of primary HCCs. Most HCC cell lines were established during the last century, precluding comparison between(More)
Borealin, a member of the chromosomal passenger complex, plays a key regulatory role at centromeres and the central spindle during mitosis. Loss of Borealin leads to defective cell proliferation and early embryonic lethality. The in vivo functions of Borealin in mammalian postnatal development, tissue homeostasis, and tumorigenesis remain elusive. We(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a cancer lacking effective therapies. Several measures have been proposed to treat HCCs, such as senescence induction, mitotic inhibition, and cell death promotion. However, data from other cancers suggest that single use of these approaches may not be effective. Here, by genetic targeting of Survivin, an(More)
Hereditary tyrosinemia type I (HT1) is caused by a deficiency in the enzyme fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (Fah). Fah-deficient mice and pigs are phenotypically analogous to human HT1, but do not recapitulate all the chronic features of the human disorder, especially liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Rats as an important model organism for biomedical research(More)
  • 1