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The role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway in the proliferation of mammalian cells has been well established. However, there are relatively few reports concerning cell differentiation being mediated by MAPK. The effect of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on cell differentiation and signal transduction in a human(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to be a specific inhibitor of early human myeloid progenitors. We show here that TGF-beta1 potentially inhibited not only the growth of primitive but also more mature myeloid leukemic cells. Surprisingly, those apparently more mature progenitor cells, such as MV4-11 and Mo7e cells, are very sensitive(More)
Cell cycle progression is controlled by both extracellular and intracellular signalling molecules. It has been generally believed that cdc2/CDK1 only control G(2)-M transition in mammalian and many other higher eukaryotic cells. Accumulating evidence shows that cdc2 not only promotes G(2)-M transition but is also capable of regulating G(1) progress and(More)
Following binding its death receptor on the plasma membrane, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induces the receptor trimerization and recruits a number of death domain-containing molecules to form the receptor complex. The complex promotes activation of downstream caspase cascade and induces degradation of IkappaBalpha. Caspases are activated using mechanisms of(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is well known for its cytotoxic effect on malignant cells. Its role in cell cycle control is relatively less known. In this study, we found that TNF induced G(1) arrest of TF-1 and MV4-11 cells while simultaneously causing apoptosis. Treatment of the cells with TNF for 48 h caused cell cycle arrest, accompanied by(More)
Conflicting results have been reported regarding the effect of TNF-alpha on the growth of human primitive hemopoietic cells. In this study, we have examined the effect of TNF-alpha on the proliferation of several CD34+/CD38+ (KG-1, TF-1) and CD34+/CD38- (KG-1a, TF-1a) myeloid leukemic progenitor cell lines. Our data show that TNF-alpha markedly inhibits the(More)
TGFbeta1 is a potent growth inhibitor of both primitive and more differentiated human myeloid leukemic cells. The extent of the growth inhibitory response to TGFbeta varies with cell type, and is not linked to stages of differentiation of cell lines. Downregulation of multiple cell cycle-regulatory molecules is a dominant event in TGFbeta1-mediated growth(More)
A factor-independent variant (TF-1a) has been isolated from the factor-dependent TF-1 cell line. The subline has been grown continuously in culture for > 1.5 years without added cytokines. The cells retain the ability to respond to multicytokines, with a different response pattern from its parental cell line. The TF-1 cells appeared singly in liquid(More)
Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGFbeta) is known to be a negative regulator of G1 cyclin/cdk activity. It is not clear whether TGFbeta has any effect on G2 checkpoint kinases. We have found that TGFbeta downregulated the expression of several G2 checkpoint kinases including cdc2, cyclin B1, and cdc25c without causing cell accumulation in G2/M phases in(More)
Cell staining is a necessary and useful technique for visualizing cell morphology and structure under a microscope. This technique has been used in many areas such as cytology, hematology, oncology, histology, virology, serology, microbiology, cell biology, and immunochemistry. One of the key pieces of equipment for preparing a slide for cell staining is(More)
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