Past studies of oceanic influence on terrestrial and cryospheric hydrological cycles were consisted largely of showing the relation between precipitation over landmasses and the surface temperature of surrounding oceans, based on numerical model simulation and analysis of model products. The long-term acceleration of the hydrologic cycle was mainly… (More)
Definition Wind is air in motion and is basically a vector quantity with a magnitude (speed) and a direction. Ocean surface stress is another vector quantity closely related to wind; it is the turbulent transfer of momentum between the ocean and the atmosphere. Their different applications are summarized in the section "Scientific Significance".
Definition The ocean-atmosphere water exchange is the difference between evaporation and precipitation at the surface of the ocean. Evaporation is the of water vapor from ocean to the atmosphere. Precipitation is the return of turbulent transport water to the ocean from the atmosphere in the form of rain and snow.
An example of combined use of spacebased scatterometer, microwave radiometer, and ocean color sensor in the study of extratropical ocean-atmosphere coupling is demonstrated. A new concept that combines both active and passive microwave measurements into a single sensor sharing a large antenna to provide high resolution measurements that will close the… (More)