We report the first experimental observation of two-dimensional surface solitons at the boundaries (edges or corners) of a finite optically induced photonic lattice. Both in-phase and gap nonlinear surface self-trapped states were observed under single-site excitation conditions. Our experimental results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions.
We report the first theoretical prediction and experimental demonstration of gap soliton trains in a self-defocusing photonic lattice. Without a priori spectral or phase engineering, a stripe beam whose spatial power spectrum lies only in one transverse direction evolves into a gap soliton train with power spectrum growing also in the orthogonal direction… (More)
We report the first experimental demonstration of ring-shaped photonic lattices by optical induction and the formation of discrete solitons in such radially symmetric lattices. The transition from discrete diffraction to single-channel guidance or nonlinear self-trapping of a probe beam is achieved by fine-tuning the lattice potential or the focusing… (More)
We demonstrate a ring-shaped Bessel-like photonic lattice akin to a photonic bandgap fiber with a low-index core. While the ring lattice is optically induced in a bulk crystal with a self-defocusing nonlinearity, guidance of a probe beam propagating linearly through the core is clearly observed. The possible mechanism for such guidance is also discussed.
The recent theoretical predictions and experimental observations of discrete surface solitons propagating along the interface between a one-or two-dimensional continuous medium and a one-or two-dimensional waveguide array are reviewed. These discrete solitons were found in second order (periodically poled lithium niobate) and third order nonlinear media,… (More)
We report the first experimental and theoretical demonstrations of in-band (or embedded) lattice solitons. Such solitons appear in trains, and their propagation constants reside inside the first Bloch band of a square lattice, different from all previously observed solitons. We show that these solitons bifurcate from Bloch modes at the interior… (More)
We demonstrate one-dimensional optically-induced photonic lattices with a negative defect and observe linear bandgap guidance in such a defect. We show that a defect mode moves from the first bandgap to a higher bandgap as the lattice potential is increased. Our experimental results are in good agreement with the theoretical analysis of these effects.
We experimentally demonstrate linear bandgap guidance of optical vortices as high-gap defect modes (DMs) in two-dimensional induced photonic lattices. We show that donut-shaped vortex beams can be guided in a tunable negative (lower-index) defect, provided that the defect strength is set at an appropriate level. Such vortex DMs have fine features in the… (More)
We observe dipole-like gap solitons in two-dimensional waveguide lattices optically induced with a self-defocusing nonlinearity. Under appropriate conditions, two mutually coherent input beams excited in neighboring lattice sites evolve into a self-trapped state, whose spatial power spectrum and stability depend strongly on the initial excitation… (More)