Xiaorong Shi

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A multiplex PCR procedure that detects six major virulence genes, fliC, stx1, stx2, eae, rfbE, and hlyA, in Escherichia coli O157:H7 was developed. Analyses of the available sequences of the six major virulence genes and the published primers allowed us to develop the six-gene, multiplex PCR protocol that maintained the specificity of each primer pair. The(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), particularly O157, are major food borne pathogens. Non-O157 STEC, particularly O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, have also been recognized as a major public health concern. Unlike O157, detection procedures for non-O157 have not been fully developed. Our objective was to develop a multiplex PCR to(More)
Cattle are asymptomatic reservoirs for Escherichia coli O157, a major foodborne pathogen. The organism generally colonizes the hindgut of cattle and is shed in the feces at low concentrations. The objective of this research was to evaluate a multiplex, real-time polymerase chain reaction (mqPCR) assay for quantification of E. coli O157 in cattle feces using(More)
Fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in cattle, except those that shed transiently, is due to the organism's ability to persist in the gut. Site of prevalence in the gut is important for understanding the mechanisms and factors affecting gut persistence and fecal shedding and is a potential target for intervention. The prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in(More)
An 11-gene multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) was developed based on genes that code for serogroup-specific O-antigens and four major virulence factors (intimin, enterohemorrhagic hemolysin, and Shiga toxins [Stx] 1 and 2), to detect O157 and the "top six" non-O157 (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145) Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC).(More)
The rectoanal junction mucosal region is the site of colonization of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle. Our objective was to determine the genetic relatedness of E. coli O157 in the mucosa of the rectoanal junction to isolates from colon contents and feces. Colon contents and rectums were collected from cattle at harvest. Rectums were opened and feces were(More)
Culture-based methods to detect the six major non-O157 (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121 and O145) Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are not well established. Our objectives of this study were to develop a culture-based method to detect the six non-O157 serogroups in cattle feces and compare the detection with a PCR method. Fecal samples (n = 576) were(More)
High concentration of copper, fed as copper sulfate, is often used to increase growth rates in swine. Bacteria exposed to copper may acquire resistance, and in Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis, a plasmid-borne transferable copper resistance (tcrB) gene that confers copper resistance has been reported. Our objectives were to determine the(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups and associated virulence genes in feces of commercial feedlot cattle. During March to May 2011, fecal samples were collected from individual cattle (n=960) in 10 cohorts (cattle subpopulations within a feedlot) comprising 17,148 total(More)
Our objectives were to determine factors associated with fecal prevalence of Salmonella at feedlot entry and within 24 h of harvest (preharvest), and to assess potential persistence of Salmonella strains within cattle populations. This repeated cross-sectional study followed 5559 beef cattle within 30 feedlot cohorts. Samples (n = 30) of fresh feces were(More)