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Abscisic acid (ABA), a cleavage product of carotenoids, is involved in stress responses in plants. A well known response of plants to water stress is accumulation of ABA, which is caused by de novo synthesis. The limiting step of ABA biosynthesis in plants is presumably the cleavage of 9-cis-epoxycarotenoids, the first committed step of ABA biosynthesis.(More)
The plant hormone abscisic acid is derived from the oxidative cleavage of a carotenoid precursor. Enzymes that catalyze this carotenoid cleavage reaction, nine-cis epoxy-carotenoid dioxygenases, have been identified in several plant species. Similar proteins, whose functions are not yet known, are present in diverse organisms. A putative cleavage enzyme(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA) was discovered independently by several groups in the early 1960s. Originally believed to be involved in the abscission of fruit and dormancy of woody plants, the role of ABA in these processes is still not clear. ABA is, however, necessary for seed development, adaptation to several abi-otic stresses, and sugar sensing. The regulation(More)
The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays important roles in seed maturation and dormancy and in adaptation to a variety of environmental stresses. An effort to engineer plants with elevated ABA levels and subsequent stress tolerance is focused on the genetic manipulation of the cleavage reaction. It has been shown in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) that the(More)
Enzymes that are able to oxidatively cleave carotenoids at specific positions have been identified in animals and plants. The first such enzyme to be identified was a nine-cis-epoxy carotenoid dioxygenase from maize, which catalyzes the rate-limiting step of abscisic acid biosynthesis. Similar enzymes are necessary for the synthesis of vitamin A in animals(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone found in all higher plants; it plays an important role in seed dormancy, embryo development, and adaptation to environmental stresses, most notably drought. The regulatory step in ABA synthesis is the cleavage reaction of a 9-cis-epoxy-carotenoid catalyzed by the 9-cis-epoxy-carotenoid dioxygenases (NCEDs). The(More)
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