Xiaoqing Guo

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PURPOSE Corneal injury may ultimately lead to a scar by way of corneal fibrosis, which is characterized by the presence of myofibroblasts and improper deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. TGF-beta1 is known to stimulate overproduction and deposition of ECM components. Previously, an in vitro three-dimensional (3-D) model of a corneal stroma(More)
Polymorphisms in cytokine genes may contribute to increased susceptibility to different cancers. The aim of this paper is to investigate the association of IL-8-251A/T polymorphism and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection with the risk of developing gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma (GCA) in the south of Taihang Mountain, a high-incidence area of(More)
PURPOSE Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A) is known to regulate genomic instability and tumorigenesis in multiple human cancers. The underlying mechanism, however, is not fully understood. We examined the molecular mechanism of Aurora-A regulation in human ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Retrovirus-mediated small hairpin RNA (shRNA) was used to silence the(More)
Our goal was to develop a 3-D multi-cellular construct using primary human corneal fibroblasts cultured on a disorganized collagen substrate in a scaffold-free environment and to use it to determine the regulation of proteoglycans over an extended period of time (11 weeks). Electron micrographs revealed multi-layered constructs with cells present in between(More)
PURPOSE Chemokine receptor CXCR2 is associated with malignancy in several cancer models; however, the mechanisms involved in CXCR2-mediated tumor growth remain elusive. Here, we investigated the role of CXCR2 in human ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN CXCR2 expression was silenced by stable small hairpin RNA in ovarian cancer cell lines T29Gro-1, T29H,(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the structure and morphology of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesized by untransformed, cultured human corneal fibroblasts in long-term cultures. METHODS Human corneal stromal keratocytes were expanded in transwell culture in the presence of fetal bovine serum and a stable derivative of vitamin C. The cells were allowed to(More)
As a putative marker for cancer stem cells in human malignant tumors, including ovarian cancer, CD133 expression may define a tumor-initiating subpopulation of cells and is associated with the clinical outcome of patients. However, at this time its clinical significance in ovarian cancer remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical(More)
The −251T/A (rs4073), a single nucleotide polymorphism, has been identified in the promoter region of the interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene. It’s presence could influence the production of IL-8 protein by regulating the transcriptional activity of the gene. A large number of studies have been performed to evaluate the role of −251T/A polymorphism on various(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY Xiaoyaosan (XYS), a famous Chinese prescription, composed of Radix Bupleuri (Bupleurum chinense DC.), Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels), Radix Paeoniae Alba (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.), Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.), Poria (Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf), Radix Glycyrrhizae(More)
PURPOSE In a prior study, it was reported that both TGF-beta receptors type-I and -II are upregulated after wounding, suggesting that TGF-beta signaling may play a role in corneal epithelial repair. The Smad proteins, which translocate into the nucleus after activation of the TGF-beta receptors, are key factors in the major TGF-beta signaling pathway. The(More)