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Polymorphisms in cytokine genes may contribute to increased susceptibility to different cancers. The aim of this paper is to investigate the association of IL-8-251A/T polymorphism and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection with the risk of developing gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma (GCA) in the south of Taihang Mountain, a high-incidence area of(More)
PURPOSE In a prior study, it was reported that both TGF-beta receptors type-I and -II are upregulated after wounding, suggesting that TGF-beta signaling may play a role in corneal epithelial repair. The Smad proteins, which translocate into the nucleus after activation of the TGF-beta receptors, are key factors in the major TGF-beta signaling pathway. The(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the structure and morphology of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesized by untransformed, cultured human corneal fibroblasts in long-term cultures. METHODS Human corneal stromal keratocytes were expanded in transwell culture in the presence of fetal bovine serum and a stable derivative of vitamin C. The cells were allowed to(More)
PURPOSE Corneal injury may ultimately lead to a scar by way of corneal fibrosis, which is characterized by the presence of myofibroblasts and improper deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. TGF-beta1 is known to stimulate overproduction and deposition of ECM components. Previously, an in vitro three-dimensional (3-D) model of a corneal stroma(More)
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) have increasingly been used for coatings on various textiles and certain implants, for the treatment of wounds and burns, as a water disinfectant, and in air-freshener sprays. The wide use of Ag-NPs may have potential human health impacts. In this study, the mutagenicity of 5-nm Ag-NPs was evaluated in the mouse lymphoma assay(More)
Many tissue engineering applications require the remodeling of a degradable scaffold either in vitro or in situ. Although inefficient remodeling or failure to fully remodel the temporary matrix can result in a poor clinical outcome, very few investigations have examined in detail, the interaction of regenerative cells with temporary scaffoldings. In a(More)
The biological consequences of exposure to piperidine nitroxides is a concern, given their widespread use in manufacturing processes and their potential use in clinical applications. Our previous study reported that TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl), a low molecular weight free radical, possesses pro-oxidative activity in L5178Y cells. In this(More)
The −251T/A (rs4073), a single nucleotide polymorphism, has been identified in the promoter region of the interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene. It’s presence could influence the production of IL-8 protein by regulating the transcriptional activity of the gene. A large number of studies have been performed to evaluate the role of −251T/A polymorphism on various(More)
Nicotine, a drug of abuse, has been reported to have many adverse effects on the developing nervous system. In rodents, chronic nicotine exposure inhibits estrogen-mediated neuroprotection against cerebral ischemia in females suggesting that nicotine could disrupt endocrine targets. Zebrafish have been used as a model system for examining mechanisms(More)
Ginkgo biloba leaf extract has been shown to increase the incidence in liver tumors in mice in a 2-year bioassay conducted by the National Toxicology Program. In this study, the DNA damaging effects of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract and many of its constituents were evaluated in human hepatic HepG2 cells and the underlying mechanism was determined. A molecular(More)