Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with the symptom of cognitive impairment. The deposition of amyloid β (Aβ) peptide is believed to be the primary cause to neuronal dystrophy and eventually dementia. Aβ is the proteolytic product from its precursor amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ- secretase. An optional cleavage… (More)
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The natural product (-)-pironetin is a structurally simple small molecule microtubule-perturbing agent whose biological activities appear to be exquisitely dependent on defined stereochemistry and the presence of an eletrophilic alpha,beta-unsaturated lactone moiety. We used alkaloid-catalyzed acyl halide-aldehyde cyclocondensation reactions in asymmetric… (More)
A G-quadruplex-based fluorescent biosensor for highly sensitive detection of barium ion (Ba2+) was constructed for the first time. In the absence of Ba2+, the G-quadruplex-specific fluorescence ligand N-methyl mesoporphyrin IX (NMM) remained weakly fluorescent when coexisted with a single-stranded G-quadruplex sequence AGRO100. Upon addition of Ba2+,… (More)
The palladium-catalyzed conversion of aryl and vinyl triflates to aryl and vinyl halides (bromides and chlorides) has been developed using dialkylbiaryl phosphine ligands. A variety of aryl, heteroaryl, and vinyl halides can be prepared via this method in good to excellent yields.