Learn More
Security issues have been emphasized when mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are employed into military and aerospace fields. In this paper, we design a novel secure routing protocol for MANETs. This protocol TAODV (Trusted AODV) extends the widely used AODV (Ad hoc Ondemand Distance Vector) routing protocol and employs the idea of a trust model to protect(More)
To evaluate the effects of mild to moderate blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the microstructure of brain white matter (WM) and neurobehavioral outcomes, we studied 37 veterans and service members (mean age 31.5 years, SD = 7.2; post-injury interval 871.5 days; SD = 343.1), whose report of acute neurological status was consistent with sustaining(More)
Compromised memory functioning is one of the commonly reported cognitive sequelae seen following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been shown to be sufficiently sensitive at detecting early microstructural pathological alterations after mTBI. Given its location and shape, the cingulate, which is comprised of the(More)
Using incentive-based auditory word recall we studied the efficiency of selective learning in children ages 6-18 years. We found effects of age for both selective learning efficiency and for total words recalled, which differed in developmental trajectory. The number of words recalled showed a nonlinear component, reflecting a negatively accelerated(More)
While closed head injury frequently results in damage to the frontal and temporal lobes, damage to deep cortical structures, such as the hippocampus, amygdala, and basal ganglia, has also been reported. Five deep central structures (hippocampus, amygdala, globus pallidus, putamen, and caudate) were examined in 16 children (eight males, eight females; aged(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relation of white matter integrity using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to cognitive and functional outcome of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. DESIGN Prospective observational study of children who had sustained moderate to severe TBI and a comparison group of children who had sustained orthopedic(More)
BACKGROUND Atrophy of the corpus callosum (CC) is a documented consequence of moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), which has been expressed as volume loss using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Other advanced imaging modalities such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have also detected white matter microstructural alteration(More)
Neural correlates of working memory (WM) based on the Sternberg Item Recognition Task (SIRT) were assessed in 40 children with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to 41 demographically-comparable children with orthopedic injury (OI). Multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods assessed structural and functional brain correlates of(More)
In vivo MRI volumetric analysis enables investigators to evaluate the extent of tissue loss following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, volumetric studies of pediatric TBI are sparse, and there have been no volumetric studies to date in children examining specific subregions of the prefrontal and temporal lobes. In this study, MRI volumetry was used to(More)
This investigation had two main objectives: 1) to assess the comparability of volumes determined by operator-controlled image quantification with automated image analysis in evaluating atrophic brain changes related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children, and 2) to assess the extent of diffuse structural changes throughout the brain as determined by(More)