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BACKGROUND Integrins are heterodimeric (alphabeta) transmembrane receptors for extracellular matrix (ECM) ligands. Through interactions with molecular partners at cell junctions, they provide a connection between the ECM and the cytoskeleton and regulate many aspects of cell behavior. A number of integrin-associated molecules have been identified; however,(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether automatic and manual measurements of hippocampal volume differences on MRI between normal aging, cognitive impairment (CI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) yield similar results. MATERIALS AND METHODS Reliability was determined for an automatic and a manual method on nine volunteers (22-83 years old) who underwent MRI twice in 1(More)
Ypt/Rab are key regulators of intracellular trafficking in all eukaryotic cells. In yeast, Ypt1 is essential for endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-Golgi transport, whereas Ypt31/32 regulate Golgi-to-plasma membrane and endosome-to-Golgi transport. TRAPP is a multisubunit complex that acts as an activator of Ypt/Rab GTPases. Trs85 and Trs130 are two subunits(More)
CNS bacterial infections are prevalent in neonates, the immune-compromised and elderly. During peripheral infections, macrophages employ multiple pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) to respond to pathogens, but less is known about brain microglia. We assessed microglial expression of PRRs, compared responses to whole E. coli and LPS, and tested the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate intravitreal aflibercept injections (IAI; also called VEGF Trap-Eye) for patients with macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. METHODS This multicenter study randomized 189 patients (1 eye/patient) with macular edema secondary to CRVO to receive 6 monthly injections of(More)
Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) are plant cell wall glycoproteins that can inhibit fungal endopolygalacturonases (PGs). The PGIPs directly reduce the aggressive potential of PGs. Here, we isolated and functionally characterized three members of the pepper (Capsicum annuum) PGIP gene family. Each was up-regulated at a different time following(More)
From mid-July to the end of August 2005, a total of 215 cases of human Streptococcus suis infections, 66 of which were laboratory confirmed, were reported in Sichuan, China. All infections occurred in backyard farmers who were directly exposed to infection during the slaughtering process of pigs that had died of unknown causes or been killed for food(More)
Although carbon monoxide (CO) has traditionally been viewed as a toxic gas, increasing evidence suggests that it plays an important homeostatic and cytoprotective role. Its therapeutic use, however, is limited by the side effects associated with CO inhalation. Recently, transition metal carbonyls have been shown to be a safe and effective means of(More)
BACKGROUND Stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) binding to its cognate receptor, CXCR4, regulates a variety of cellular functions such as stem cell homing, trafficking, and differentiation. However, the role of the SDF-1alpha-CXCR4 axis in modulating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS In mice subjected to(More)
Transplantation of osteogenic cells with a suitable matrix is one strategy for engineering bone tissue. Three-dimensional distribution and growth of cells within the porous scaffold are of clinical significance for the repair of large bony defects. A nano-HAp/collagen (nHAC) composite that mimics the natural bone both in composition and microstructure to(More)