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The preventive effect of dietary taurine supplementation on glial alterations in retina of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats was examined in this study. Blood glucose content, content of taurine, glutamate and <gamma>-amino butyric acid (GABA) and expression of glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), glutamate(More)
Taurine, a ß-aminosulfonic acid, has been reported to reduce the risk of a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and also perhaps to reduce neurodegeneration in the elderly. The transport of taurine is known to be mediated by taurine transporter (TauT). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of taurine on glial cells(More)
It is widely accepted that stimulation of reverse cholesterol transport , the efflux of excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues and transferring it to the liver for biliary excretion, is becoming an important component in reducing excess cholesterol deposition in atherosclerotic plaques. The ATP-binding cassette transporter has been identified as a key(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether taurine ameliorate the diabetic retinopathy, and to further explore the underlying mechanisms. The Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with streptozotocin to establish experimental diabetic model, then fed without or with 1.2% taurine for additional 4-12 weeks. After that, the protective effects of dietary(More)
Yeast-like symbiotes (YLS) are endosymbionts that are intimately associated with the growth, development, reproduction of their host, the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). However, it is unclear how many species of YLS are found within N. lugens, and how they are related to each other. Traditional methods or simple(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF), a product of the frr gene, is responsible for the dissociation of ribosomes from messenger RNA after the termination of translation. In order to overexpress frr gene in the toyocamycin (TM) producer Streptomyces diastatochromogenes 1628, we cloned and placed the gene under the control of the constitutive promoter PermE*. The(More)
Overexpressed Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) drives the biology of 20% breast cancer and is a prediction of a poor prognosis for patients. HER2-targeted therapies significantly improve outcomes for HER2-positive patients. Traditional Chinese herbs/medicines have been used to treat breast cancer patients including HER2-positive patients in(More)
Obtaining the exact spatial information of moving objects is a crucial and difficult task during visual object tracking. In this study, a comprehensive spatial feature similarity (CSFS) strategy is proposed to compute the confidence level of target features. This strategy is used to determine the current position of the target among candidates during the(More)
Streptomyces diastatochromogenes 1628, capable of producing toyocamycin (TM), has exhibited a potential biocontrol effect in inhibiting the development of phytopathogens in the agriculture field. In this study, an efficient transformation system was developed using the intergeneric conjugation. This was achieved by optimization of experimental parameters.(More)
AIMS We investigated whether taurine indirectly protects neurons under hypoxia by affecting retinal Müller cells, which are known to play important roles in the regulation of retinal glutamate content. METHODS Retinal cells isolated from rats were exposed to hypoxia for 24 h. We evaluated the retinal neuron survival, glutamate content in cultures with and(More)