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The Human Connectome Project (HCP) relies primarily on three complementary magnetic resonance (MR) methods. These are: 1) resting state functional MR imaging (rfMRI) which uses correlations in the temporal fluctuations in an fMRI time series to deduce 'functional connectivity'; 2) diffusion imaging (dMRI), which provides the input for tractography(More)
Cloud computing provides people a way to share large mount of distributed resources belonging to different organizations. That is a good way to share many kinds of distributed resources, but it also makes security problems more complicate and more important for users than before. In this paper, we analyze some security requirements in cloud computing(More)
UNLABELLED Multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 (MRP3, ABC subfamily C [ABCC]3) plays an important role in protecting hepatocytes and other tissues by excreting an array of toxic organic anion conjugates, including bile salts. MRP3/ABCC3 expression is increased in the liver of some cholestatic patients, but the molecular mechanism of this up-regulation(More)
The coexistence of neuronal mitochondrial pathology and synaptic dysfunction is an early pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cyclophilin D (CypD), an integral part of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), is involved in amyloid beta (Aβ)-instigated mitochondrial dysfunction. Blockade of CypD prevents Aβ-induced mitochondrial(More)
Doubly uniparental inheritance (DUI) is an exception to the typical maternal inheritance of mitochondrial (mt) DNA in Metazoa, and found only in some bivalves. In species with DUI, there are two highly divergent gender-associated mt genomes: maternal (F) and paternal (M), which transmit independently and show different tissue localization. Solenaia(More)
The genetic diversity of the three major artificially propagated populations of Chinese sucker, an endangered freshwater fish species, was investigated using the sequences of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control regions. Among the 89 individuals tested, 66 variable sites (7.26%) and 10 haplotypes were detected (Haplotype diversity Hd = 0.805, Nucleotide(More)
Somatic hypermutation (SHM) of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes appears to involve the generation of double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) and their error-prone repair. Here we show that DSBs occur at a high frequency in unrearranged (germline) Ig variable (V) genes, BCL6 and c-MYC. These DSBs are blunt, target the mutational RGYW/RGY hotspot, and would be resolved(More)
To decrease the potential side effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) caused by its broad-spectrum mitogenic activity, a nonmitogenic form of aFGF (nhaFGF), which retained the cardio- and neuroprotective characters of the wild-type aFGF, was overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The expression level of nhaFGF was up to 25% of the total cellular(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with coagulopathy, although it often lacks 2 key risk factors: severe bleeding and significant fluid resuscitation associated with hemorrhagic shock. The pathogenesis of TBI-associated coagulopathy remains poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that brain-derived microparticles (BDMPs) released from an injured(More)
Multidimensional spatially selective radiofrequency (RF) pulses have been proposed as a method to mitigate transmit B1 inhomogeneity in MR experiments. These RF pulses, however, have been considered impractical for many years because they typically require very long RF pulse durations. The recent development of parallel excitation techniques makes it(More)