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Duchenne muscular dystrophy is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and early death resulting from dystrophin deficiency. Loss of dystrophin results in disruption of a large dystrophin glycoprotein complex, leading to pathological calcium (Ca2+)-dependent signals that damage muscle cells. We have identified a structural and functional defect in the(More)
This paper focuses on the problem of guaranteed cost control for Takagi–Sugeno (T–S) fyzzy systems with time-varying delayed state. A linear quadratic cost function is considered as a performance index of the closed-loop fuzzy system. Then, the guaranteed cost control of the closed-loop fuzzy system is discussed, and the sufficient conditions are provided(More)
This paper focuses on the problem of robust control for Takagi–Sugeno (T–S) fuzzy systemswith time-delay. The delay-dependent stability analysis and controller synthesis have been addressed. The free weighting matrix method has been used for stability analysis and controller synthesis. New and less conservative delay-dependent stability conditions are(More)
In this report, we demonstrate that sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) donor, promoted adventitious root formation mediated by auxin and nitric oxide (NO). Application of the H(2)S donor to seedling cuttings of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) promoted the number and length of adventitious roots in a dose-dependent manner. It was also(More)
This paper is concerned with the problem of adaptive fuzzy tracking control for a class of pure-feedback stochastic nonlinear systems with input saturation. To overcome the design difficulty from nondifferential saturation nonlinearity, a smooth nonlinear function of the control input signal is first introduced to approximate the saturation function; then,(More)
Controlling nonstrict-feedback nonlinear systems is a challenging problem in control theory. In this paper, we consider adaptive fuzzy control for a class of nonlinear systems with nonstrict-feedback structure by using fuzzy logic systems. A variable separation approach is developed to overcome the difficulty from the nonstrict-feedback structure.(More)
Landscape metrics or indices have been commonly used for quantifying landscape patterns. However, most of these indices are generally focused on simple analysis and description of the characterization of the geometric and spatial properties of categorical map patterns. These indices can hardly obtain the information about the spatio-temporal dynamic changes(More)
The type 2 ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel (RyR2), required for excitation-contraction coupling in the heart, is abundant in the brain. Chronic stress induces catecholamine biosynthesis and release, stimulating β-adrenergic receptors and activating cAMP signaling pathways in neurons. In a murine chronic restraint stress model, neuronal RyR2 were(More)
Under anaerobic conditions, xanthine oxidase (XO)-catalyzed nitrite reduction can be an important source of nitric oxide (NO). However, questions remain regarding whether significant XO-mediated NO generation also occurs under aerobic conditions. Therefore, electron paramagnetic resonance, chemiluminescence NO-analyzer, and NO-electrode studies were(More)
This paper focuses on adaptive fuzzy tracking control for a class of uncertain single-input /singleoutput nonlinear strict-feedback systems. Fuzzy logic systems are directly used to approximate unknown and desired control signals and a novel direct adaptive fuzzy tracking controller is constructed via backstepping. The proposed adaptive fuzzy controller(More)