Learn More
The dentate gyrus is the primary afferent pathway into the hippocampus, but there is little information concerning the molecular influences that govern its formation. In particular, the control of migration and cell positioning of dentate granule cells is not clear. We have characterized more fully the timing and route of granule cell migration during(More)
We previously identified serine protease HtrA1 as a downregulated gene in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), but the functional consequence of loss of HtrA1 in EOC remains largely unclear. Here, we report that loss of HtrA1 attenuates anoikis--a critical physiologic barrier for tumor metastasis. In response to loss of anchorage, HtrA1 expression was(More)
Aberrant expression of Lin28 and let-7 has been observed in many human malignancies. However, its functions and underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. Here we show that aberrant expression of Lin28 and let-7 facilitates aerobic glycolysis, or Warburg effect, in cancer cells. Mechanistically, we discover that Lin28A and Lin28B enhance, whereas let-7(More)
The products of mammalian LPIN2 and LPIN3 are phosphatidate phosphatase type 1 enzymes, which play an important role in the de novo biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. In this study, we obtained a 2,985-bp cDNA sequence of porcine LPIN2, which contains a 2,676-bp open reading frame flanked by an 11-bp 5'UTR and(More)
Enhanced glycolysis is a main feature of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and is proposed to be important for the maintenance and induction of pluripotency. The molecular mechanism underlying enhanced glycolysis in PSCs is not clear. Using Dgcr8-/- mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) that lack mature miRNAs, we found that miR-290 cluster of miRNAs stimulates(More)
Conditionally replicative adenoviruses (CRAds) are widely used for cancer biotherapy and show a significant growth-suppressing effect on many types of cancer. However, it was reported that breast cancer was highly resistant to the infection of traditionally used adenovirus of serotype 5 (Ad5)-based CRAds. Although partial substitution of the fiber protein(More)
Agents targeting topoisomerases are active against a wide range of human tumors. Stabilization of covalent complexes, converting topoisomerases into DNA-damaging agents, is an essential aspect of cell killing by these drugs. A unique aspect of the repair of topoisomerase-mediated DNA damage is the requirement for pathways that can remove protein covalently(More)
The adult subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle contains neural stem cells. In rodents, these cells generate neuroblasts that migrate as chains toward the olfactory bulb along the rostral migratory stream (RMS). The neural-stem-cell niche at the ventricular wall is conserved in various animal species, including primates. However, it is unclear(More)
Cancer cells are known to undergo metabolic reprogramming to sustain survival and rapid proliferation, however, it remains to be fully elucidated how oncogenic lesions coordinate the metabolic switch under various stressed conditions. Here we show that deprivation of glucose or glutamine, two major nutrition sources for cancer cells, dramatically activated(More)
The present work tested the hypothesis that the anatomic and developmental patterns of status epilepticus-induced increases of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) protein coincided with status epilepticus-induced increases of phospho-Trk immunoreactivity, a measure of TrkB receptor activation, in rat hippocampus. In P22 rats, robust increases of(More)