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The dentate gyrus is the primary afferent pathway into the hippocampus, but there is little information concerning the molecular influences that govern its formation. In particular, the control of migration and cell positioning of dentate granule cells is not clear. We have characterized more fully the timing and route of granule cell migration during(More)
The adult subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle contains neural stem cells. In rodents, these cells generate neuroblasts that migrate as chains toward the olfactory bulb along the rostral migratory stream (RMS). The neural-stem-cell niche at the ventricular wall is conserved in various animal species, including primates. However, it is unclear(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) mediates a metabolic switch that blocks the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA in cancer cells. Here, we report that HIF-1α also inhibits fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO), another major source of acetyl-CoA. We identified a PGC-1β-mediated pathway by which HIF-1 inhibits the medium- and long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases(More)
Aberrant expression of Lin28 and let-7 has been observed in many human malignancies. However, its functions and underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. Here we show that aberrant expression of Lin28 and let-7 facilitates aerobic glycolysis, or Warburg effect, in cancer cells. Mechanistically, we discover that Lin28A and Lin28B enhance, whereas let-7(More)
Enhanced glycolysis is a main feature of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and is proposed to be important for the maintenance and induction of pluripotency. The molecular mechanism underlying enhanced glycolysis in PSCs is not clear. Using Dgcr8-/- mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) that lack mature miRNAs, we found that miR-290 cluster of miRNAs stimulates(More)
The products of mammalian LPIN2 and LPIN3 are phosphatidate phosphatase type 1 enzymes, which play an important role in the de novo biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. In this study, we obtained a 2,985-bp cDNA sequence of porcine LPIN2, which contains a 2,676-bp open reading frame flanked by an 11-bp 5′UTR and(More)
Altered granule cell>>CA3 pyramidal cell synaptic connectivity may contribute to the development of limbic epilepsy. To explore this possibility, granule cell giant mossy fiber bouton plasticity was examined in the kindling and pilocarpine models of epilepsy using green fluorescent protein-expressing transgenic mice. These studies revealed significant(More)
Agents targeting topoisomerases are active against a wide range of human tumors. Stabilization of covalent complexes, converting topoisomerases into DNA-damaging agents, is an essential aspect of cell killing by these drugs. A unique aspect of the repair of topoisomerase-mediated DNA damage is the requirement for pathways that can remove protein covalently(More)
Aquaculture is the quickest growing sector in agriculture. However, QTL for important traits have been only identified in a few aquaculture species. We conducted QTL mapping for growth traits in an Asian seabass F2 family with 359 individuals using 123 microsatellites and 22 SNPs, and performed association mapping in four populations with 881 individuals.(More)
Cancer cells are known to undergo metabolic reprogramming to sustain survival and rapid proliferation, however, it remains to be fully elucidated how oncogenic lesions coordinate the metabolic switch under various stressed conditions. Here we show that deprivation of glucose or glutamine, two major nutrition sources for cancer cells, dramatically activated(More)