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Standard controls and best practice guidelines advance acceptance of data from research, preclinical and clinical laboratories by providing a means for evaluating data quality. The External RNA Controls Consortium (ERCC) is developing commonly agreed-upon and tested controls for use in expression assays, a true industry-wide standard control.
BACKGROUND Hepatic oval cells, progenitor cells in the liver, can differentiate into hepatocytes and bile duct cells both in vitro and in vivo. Although hepatic stellate cells are another important cell component in the liver, less attention has been focused on the relationship between hepatic oval cells and hepatic stellate cells. METHODS Hepatic oval(More)
BACKGROUND Dried blood spots (DBS) improve access to HIV viral load (VL) testing, but yield increased VL measurements compared to the plasma reference method because of cell-associated viral nucleic acid. In clinical settings, DBS methods may falsely categorize many patients as failing therapy. OBJECTIVES Description of a simple method, free virus elution(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Mosla scabra (Thunb.) C. Y. Wu is a broadly used species in the southeastern China as an antipyretic and antiviral drug for the treatment of colds, fever, inflammation and chronic bronchitis. AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the anti-influenza virus activities of the aqueous extract from Mosla scabra (AEMS), and to provide(More)
The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is closely associated with liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to HSC activation remain unclear. It has been reported that the platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B)/PDGF receptor-β (PDGFR-β) signaling(More)
Local infusion of low dose erythropoietin (EPO) alleviates cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. The present study investigated the effect of low dose EPO treatment on I/R-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in brain tissue and isolated microvessels in rodents.(More)
OBJECTIVES Intra-artery infusion of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) has recently been reported to confer neuroprotection against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal models; however, the molecular mechanisms are still under investigation. The present study focused on the specific mechanism involved in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption.(More)
BACKGROUND Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increase is a well-known phenomenon during interferon treatment for chronic hepatitis B. However, little is known about these increases during nucleoside/nucleotide treatment and the effects on long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS A total of 170 treatment-naive hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence suggests that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), a subgroup of bone marrow hematopoietic stromal cells, play a critical role in neovascularization and tissue repair. PURPOSE To explore the effect of exogenous EPCs on the cerebral blood perfusion and microvessels in the injured region in rat model with traumatic brain(More)
INTRODUCTION Stimulating a successful host immune response may be a promising helpful therapy to achieve elimination of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Thymosin α-1 (Tα-1), as an immunomodulatory agent, can enhance T-cell response in CHB patients and has been widely studied either alone or in combination with nucleos(t)ide(More)