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We compared bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) of adult rabbits under identical conditions in terms of their culture characteristics, proliferation capacity, osteogenic differentiation potentials induced by adenovirus-containing bone morphogenetic protein 4 (Ad-BMP4) in vitro, and capacity to repair calvarial defects in(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are regarded as a promising cell-based therapeutic tool for tendon repair. This study aimed to compare the different tenogenic differentiation capacities of the three types of MSCs in the presence of bone morphogenic protein 12 (BMP-12). MSCs were isolated from rat bone marrow (BM), inguinal adipose tissue (AD), and synovium(More)
Angiogenesis and osteogenesis are tightly coupled during bone development. We studied the effect of inhibition of Hif1α and Runt-related protein 2 (Runx2) on the formation of heterotopic ossification (HO). We constructed lentivirus vectors expressing Hif1α small interfering RNA (siRNA) and Runx2 siRNA. The inhibition of Hif1α function impaired osteoblast(More)
Runx2 is a powerful osteo-inductive factor and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent. However, it is unknown whether Runx2-overexpressing ADSCs (Runx2-ADSCs) could promote anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. We evaluated the effect of Runx2-ADSCs on ACL reconstruction in vitro and in vivo. mRNA expressions of osteocalcin (OCN),(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is involved in the induction of early cartilaginous differentiation of mesenchymal cells in the limb. We investigated whether Shh could promote redifferentiation of dedifferentiated chondrocytes and have a favorable effect on the regeneration of cartilage. Articular chondrocytes of rats were separated and cultured. The redifferentiation(More)
Articular cartilage injury is still a significant challenge because of the poor intrinsic healing potential of cartilage. Stem cell-based tissue engineering is a promising technique for cartilage repair. As cartilage defects are usually irregular in clinical settings, scaffolds with moldability that can fill any shape of cartilage defects and closely(More)
Upconversion fluorescent nanoparticles are becoming more widely used as imaging contrast agents, owing to their high resolution and penetration depth, and avoidance of tissue auto-fluorescence and photodamage to cells. Here, we synthesized upconversion fluorescent crystals from rare-earth Yb3+ and Ho3+ co-doped fluorapatite (FA:Yb3+/Ho3+) suitable for(More)
This paper is concerned with the problem of delay-dependent passivity analysis and passification for a class of stochastic impulsive neutral systems with mixed delays. To reflect more realistic dynamical behaviors of the system, the stochastic disturbances are considered, which are given in the form of a Brownian motion. By constructing a proper stochastic(More)
Due to avascular and hypocellular nature of cartilage, repair of articular cartilage defects within synovial joints still poses a significant clinical challenge. To promote neocartilage properties, we established a functional scaffold named APM-E7 by conjugating a bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC) affinity peptide (E7) onto the acellular(More)