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Down syndrome (DS), or trisomy 21, is a common disorder associated with several complex clinical phenotypes. Although several hypotheses have been put forward, it is unclear as to whether particular gene loci on chromosome 21 (HSA21) are sufficient to cause DS and its associated features. Here we present a high-resolution genetic map of DS phenotypes based(More)
Forest rodents play an essential role as seed dispersal vectors through their caching behaviors. Using seeds of Quercus aliena, Q. glandulifera, and Cyclobalanopsis engleriana (Fagaceae), which are dominant, but poorly studied species, in the Qinling Mountains, Central China, we investigated seed predation and dispersal by forest rodents in 2010 and 2011.(More)
PURPOSE To identify the relationship between specific genes and phenotypic features of Williams syndrome. METHODS Subjects were selected based on their deletion status determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization using a panel of 24 BACs and cosmids spanning the region commonly deleted and single gene analysis using Southern blotting. From the cohort(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) development involves neural patterning, neuronal and axonal migrations, and synapse formation. DSCAM, a chromosome 21 axon guidance molecule, is expressed by CNS neurons during development and throughout adult life. We now report that DSCAM and its chromosome 11 paralog DSCAML1 exhibit inverse ventral-dorsal expression patterns(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) plays a central role in controlling stress response. In this study, we aimed to identify the regulatory effect of estrogen receptor (ER) on CRH and the underlying mechanism. We investigated the regulation of CRH mRNA in the BE(2)-C cell line, a human neuroblastoma cell line which express endogenous CRH. Quantitative(More)
Serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT) is a key regulator of serotonin neurotransmission and a major target of antidepressants. Antidepressants, such as selectively serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), that block SERT function are known to affect food intake and body weight. Here, we provide genetic evidence that food intake and metabolism are regulated by(More)
William's syndrome (WS) features a spectrum of neurocognitive and behavioral abnormalities due to a rare 1.5 MB deletion that includes about 24-28 genes on chromosome band 7q11.23. Study of the expression of these genes from the single normal copy provides an opportunity to elucidate the genetic and epigenetic controls on these genes as well as their roles(More)
Although clinical reports suggest a possible relationship between excess retinoids and the development of depression, the effect of retinoids on mood-related behavior remains controversial. Hyperactivity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a key role in the development of affective disorders. The present study aimed to elucidate the(More)
  • Ming Liang, Jingyuan Li, Dandan Wang, Shuchen Li, Yi Sun, Tiewei Sun +4 others
  • 2013
Colorectal cancer has an extremely poor prognosis due to its high rate of recurrence and metastasis. The present study aimed to investigate the correlations between the B7-H1 and B7-H4 expressions as well as the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. We further inferred from these findings whether T(More)
BACKGROUND Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is considered the central driving force in the stress response and plays a key role in the pathogenesis of depression. Retinoic acid (RA) has been suggested by clinical studies to be associated with affective disorders. METHODS First, hypothalamic tissues of 12 patients with affective disorders and 12(More)