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The purpose of this research is to study the effect of sulfated lentinan (sLNT) on immune effect of Newcastle disease (ND) vaccine. In immune response test, 14-day-old chickens were vaccinated with ND vaccine then grouped respectively to inject three sLNTs at two doses, once a day for three successive days, taking non-sulfated lentinan (LNT) as the control.(More)
Three hundred and sixty 14-day-old chickens were divided into seven groups. The chickens, except for blank control group, were vaccinated with Newcastle disease vaccine, repeated at 28 days old. At the same time of the first vaccination, the chickens in three astragalus polysaccharide-oxymatrine (AP-OM) groups were orally administrated respectively with the(More)
L-lactide was first successfully ring-opening polymerized in bulk using creatinine initiator. Poly(L-lactide)(PLLA) synthesized possesses a moderate molecular weight (MW) (Mn = 1.56 x 10(4)) and pretty narrow MW distribution (PDI = 1.28). Influence of temperature, time and creatinine dosage on the polymerization and formed PLLA's properties were examined.(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of compound polysaccharides (cPS) on the immune responses via chicken models. First, in screening experiment, a comprehensive analysis for immunomodulatory activity of four cPSs, including Astragalus polysaccharides (APS), Epimedium polysaccharides (EPS), sulfated APS (sAPS) and sulfated EPS (sEPS), was(More)
Outbreaks of porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) have caused great economic losses to the global pig industry. PEDV strains with variants in the spike (S) gene have been reported in several countries. To better understand the molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of PEDV field isolates, in this study, we characterised the complete genome sequence(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of oral administration of trivalent chromium on the contents of Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn in the heart, liver, and kidney. Different levels of 1/8, 1/4, and 1/2 LD50 (LD50 = 5000 mg/kg body mass) CrCl3 milligrams per kilogram body mass daily were added into the water to establish the chronic poisoning model. Ca,(More)
This experiment was conducted to investigate the oxidative stress in chickens exposed to different concentrations of chromium trichloride (CrCl3) in drinking water. Seventy-two Hylan Brown male chickens were randomly divided into four groups: three experimental groups and one control group. The experimental groups were exposed to three different doses (50 %(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of chromic chloride (CrCl3) on Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn contents in the brain and serum of chicken. Seventy-two chickens were randomly divided into four groups and treated with different doses of CrCl3 via drinking water: 0, 1/8, 1/4, and 1/2 LD50 for 42 days. The contents of the elements were evaluated through(More)
Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBPS) was extracted by water decoction and ethanol precipitation. After purification, four sulfated lycium barbarum polysaccharides (sLBPSs), sLBPS(0.7), sLBPS(1.1), sLBPS(1.5) and sLBPS(1.9), were prepared by chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method respectively at four designed modification conditions. Four sLBPSs at 5(More)
The aim of this strategy was to investigate whether the adjuvant activity of epimedium polysaccharide (EPS) could be further enhanced after encapsulated with liposome. In preparation of EPS liposome (EPSL) test, an orthogonal L(9) (3(4)) test design was used to optimize the preparation condition of EPSL. In adjuvant activity test, 350 14-day-old chickens(More)