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Rice is a staple crop that has undergone substantial phenotypic and physiological changes during domestication. Here we resequenced the genomes of 40 cultivated accessions selected from the major groups of rice and 10 accessions of their wild progenitors (Oryza rufipogon and Oryza nivara) to >15 × raw data coverage. We investigated genome-wide variation(More)
Varying degrees of reduction of genetic diversity in crops relative to their wild progenitors occurred during the process of domestication. Such information, however, has not been available for the Asian cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) despite its importance as a staple food and a model organism. To reveal levels and patterns of nucleotide diversity and to(More)
We present a multi-scale computer simulator of cancer progression at the tumoral level, from avascular stage growth, through the transition from avascular to vascular growth (neo-vascularization), and into the later stages of growth and invasion of normal tissue. We use continuum scale reaction-diffusion equations for the growth component of the model, and(More)
The intracellular and extracellular dynamics that govern tumor growth and invasiveness in vivo remain poorly understood. Cell genotype and phenotype, and nutrient, oxygen, and growth factor concentrations are key variables. In previous work, using a reaction-diffusion mathematical model based on variables that directly describe tumor cell cycle and biology,(More)
Rice is sensitive to cold and can be grown only in certain climate zones. Human selection of japonica rice has extended its growth zone to regions with lower temperature, while the molecular basis of this adaptation remains unknown. Here, we identify the quantitative trait locus COLD1 that confers chilling tolerance in japonica rice. Overexpression of(More)
Rice stripe virus (RSV) causes one of the most serious viral diseases of rice (Oryza sativa L.), but the molecular basis of RSV resistance has remained elusive. Here we show that the resistant allele of rice STV11 (STV11-R) encodes a sulfotransferase (OsSOT1) catalysing the conversion of salicylic acid (SA) into sulphonated SA (SSA), whereas the gene(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as important epigenetic modulators of multiple target genes, leading to abnormal cellular signaling involving cellular proliferation in cancers. Aberrant miRNA expression has been observed in human chondrosarcoma (CS). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the expression and molecular mechanisms of Runx2 and(More)
Zheng et al. (2004) developed a multiscale, two-dimensional tumor simulator with the capability of showing tumoral lesion progression through the stages of diffusion-limited dormancy, neo-vascularization (angiogenesis) and consequent rapid growth and tissue invasion. In this paper we extend their simulator to describe delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to a(More)
One of the main applications of mobile robots is terrain coverage: visiting each location in known terrain. Terrain coverage is crucial for lawn mowing, cleaning, harvesting, search-and-rescue, intrusion detection and mine clearing. Naturally, coverage can be sped up with multiple robots. In this paper, we describe multi-robot forest coverage, a new(More)