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Plant mechanical strength is an important agronomic trait. To understand the molecular mechanism that controls the plant mechanical strength of crops, we characterized the classic rice mutant brittle culm1 (bc1) and isolated BC1 using a map-based cloning approach. BC1, which encodes a COBRA-like protein, is expressed mainly in developing sclerenchyma cells(More)
Identification of environment-specific QTL and stable QTL having consistent genetic effects across a wide range of environments is of great importance in plant breeding. Inclusive Composite Interval Mapping (ICIM) has been proposed for additive, dominant and epistatic QTL mapping in biparental populations for single environment. In this study, ICIM was(More)
BACKGROUND Functional mapping is a powerful approach for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that control biological processes. Functional mapping incorporates mathematical aspects of growth and development into a general QTL mapping framework and has been recently integrated with composite interval mapping to build up a so-called composite functional(More)
Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill, 2n = 2× = 24, Rhamnaceae) is an economically important Chinese native species. It has high nutritional value, and its medicinal properties have led to extensive use in traditional oriental medicine. The characterization of genotypes using molecular markers is important for genetic studies and plant breeding. However,(More)
Corylus mandshurica, also known as pilose hazelnut, is an economically and ecologically important species in China. In this study, ten polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were applied to evaluate the genetic diversity and population structure of 348 C. mandshurica individuals among 12 populations in China. The SSR markers expressed a relatively(More)
BACKGROUND The moth orchid (Phalaenopsis species) is an ornamental crop that is highly commercialized worldwide. Over 30,000 cultivars of moth orchids have been registered at the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS). These cultivars were obtained by artificial pollination of interspecific hybridization. Therefore, the identification of different cultivars is(More)
Because of its widespread occurrence and role in shaping evolutionary processes in the biological kingdom, especially in plants, polyploidy has been increasingly studied from cytological to molecular levels. By inferring gene order, gene distances and gene homology, linkage mapping with molecular markers has proven powerful for investigating genome(More)
An allotetraploid has four paired sets of chromosomes derived from different diploid species, whose meiotic behavior is qualitatively different from the underlying diploids. According to a traditional view, meiotic pairing occurs only between homologous chromosomes, but new evidence indicates that homoeologous chromosomes may also pair to a lesser extent(More)
Owing to the high nutritional value and extensive medicinal use of its products, Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill) is one of the most important fruit crops in China. However, jujube fruits are highly perishable and thus have a short shelf life, which is a serious hindrance to the industry. Better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying(More)
Ziziphus is a genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the Rhamnaceae family. This group has a controversial taxonomy, with more than 200 species described, including Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. jujuba) and Indian jujube (Z. mauritiana), as well as several other important cultivated fruit crops. Using 24 SSR markers distributed across the(More)