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This study explored the importance of hepatitis B virus infection in cholangiocarcinoma pathogenesis in northern China. The clinical data of 66 patients with cholangiocarcinoma were analyzed. The hepatitis B virus gene was amplified using nested polymerase chain reaction, and the hepatitis B virus-related antigen was detected using immunohistochemistry in(More)
beta-Ionone is a constituent of vegetables and fruits, and can induce apoptosis in some types of malignant cells. However, the mechanism of apoptosis in osteosarcoma (U2os) cells is currently unclear. In this study, we determined whether beta-ionone can induce apoptosis in U2os cells in vitro and which signal pathway(s) is involved. We found that(More)
Although impaired gastrointestinal motility from gastric cancer peritoneal metastasis (GCPM) causes extraordinary pain, its cause is unclear. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are apparently pacemaker cells, and their loss could cause motor dysfunction. In this study, we developed a mouse model for GCPM, and investigated electrophysiological changes in the(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the effect of HBV on the proliferative ability of host cells and explore the potential mechanism. METHODS MTT, colony formation assay and tumourigenicity in nude mice were performed to investigate the effect of HBV on the proliferative capability of host cells. In order to explore the potential mechanism, cell cycle and apoptosis(More)
We investigated the relationship of infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) to p53 mutation in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) from six countries, including Japan, China, Korea, Vietnam, Spain, and the Unites States. For this purpose, we used formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded liver tissues obtained from 449 patients with HCC to(More)
The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) play an important role in maintaining the normal function of gastrointestinal dynamics. In our previous study, we reported that, in advanced gastric cancer, the frequency of bowel movement is always reduced, due in part to the decreased number of ICCs. To investigate the impact of ICCs in gastric cancer, we established(More)
E-cadherin is a well-known mediator of cell-cell adherens junctions. However, many other functions of E-cadherin have been reported. Collectively, the available data suggest that E-cadherin may also act as a gene transcriptional regulator. Here, evidence supporting this claim is reviewed, and possible mechanisms of action are discussed. E-cadherin has been(More)
Here, we aimed to determine whether immunoglobulin-A nephropathy (IgAN) could be induced in Balb/c mice by immunizing them with a fusion protein (MBP-20 peptide) comprising the maltose-binding protein (MBP) and a 20-amino-acid peptide derived from Staphylococcus aureus. A recombinant plasmid encoding the fusion protein was constructed and expressed in(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is an immune complex glomerulonephritis that is characterized by recurrent hematuria as the main clinical manifestation. In this study, we used the IgAN mouse model which was previously established to investigate the possible mechanism by which IgAN fibrosis correlates with decreased plasma gelsolin (pGSN) levels. We investigated the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effectiveness of an interferon administration on different genotypes of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in vitro and in vivo. METHODS In vitro, we transfected plasmids carrying different HBV genotypes including recently identified new genotype I into HepG2 and HuH7 cells, then treated with standard interferon alpha (IFN-α); in vivo, we(More)