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OBJECTIVE To determine the role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 during focal cerebral ischemia. METHODS Left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was undergone after the introduction of a nylon suture to the left internal carotid artery in 70 male adult CD-1 mice. ERK 1/2 phosphorylation was detected using Western blot analysis, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Metaplastic meningioma is a rare subtype of benign meningiomas, classified as WHO grade I with well prognosis. Here we presented our experiences on 15 cases of metaplastic meningioma, to investigate the clinicopathological features, therapies and prognosis of these cases. METHODS 15 patients underwent surgical treatment for intracranial(More)
OBJECTIVE To discuss the clinical characteristics, radiological features, surgical treatment and prognosis of sporadic meningioangiomatosis (MA). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of ten histopathologically confirmed MA patients who were treated in the Department of Neurosurgery of Huashan hospital from 2002 to 2011. All of the(More)
The Hedgehog (HH)-Gli1 signaling pathway plays an important role in the patterning and development of the central nervous system during embryogenesis. Recent data have shown its possible involvement in a subset of human gliomas, and inhibition of the pathway resulted in tumor suppression in both in vitro and in vivo studies. The underlying mechanisms of(More)
Recent studies have shown that aberrant activation of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)/GLI1 signaling pathway is involved in many kinds of human malignancies. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrate that inhibiting the pathway results in tumor regression for a fraction of gliomas which harbor an active pathway. However, little is known about the linkage(More)
"Glioblastoma multiforme" (GBM) is the frequent form of malignant glioma. Immature colon carcinoma transcript-1 (ICT1) is essential for cell vitality and mitochondrial function and has been recognized in several human cancers. In the study reported here, we attempted to evaluate the functional role of ICT1 in GBM cells. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference(More)
Although chemotherapy plays an important role in combined treatment of human gliomas, it fails to bring about satisfactory outcomes in a number of patients. One of the major obstacles in this treatment is the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) during treatment. Regulation of MDR in the context of gliomas is poorly understood, and clinical efforts to(More)
BACKGROUND Rhabdoid meningioma (RM) is a rare subtype of meningioma, classified as World Health Organization grade III with a poor prognosis. Here we present our experience on RM and review relevant literature in an attempt to investigate the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of these tumors. METHODS Twelve patients underwent surgical treatment(More)
Aberrant activation of hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in the development and proliferation of glioblastoma (GBM) cells. However, its mechanism remains unknown. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA molecules which are involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of genes, and enrolled in signaling transduction network in(More)
OBJECT Little is known regarding the anaplastic variant of primary ependymomas that involve the spinal cord. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of primary spinal anaplastic ependymomas (PSAEs). METHODS Medical records were reviewed in 20 patients with pathologically proven PSAEs who underwent surgical(More)