Learn More
The use of plant biomass for biofuel production will require efficient utilization of the sugars in lignocellulose, primarily glucose and xylose. However, strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae presently used in bioethanol production ferment glucose but not xylose. Yeasts engineered to ferment xylose do so slowly, and cannot utilize xylose until glucose is(More)
OBJECTIVES Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with morbidity and mortality of coronary heart disease and stroke. Hypertension is an independent risk factor for peripheral arterial disease. However, the prevalence and risk factors of PAD in hypertensive patients have not been studied in China. METHODS In order to investigate the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical phenotype of both hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by hypertension is heterogeneous. Genetic factors may contribute to this heterogeneity. Evidence is accumulating that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) gene plays a role in cardiac(More)
The aerobic biodegradability of iso-butanol, a new biofuel, and its impact on benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) degradation was investigated in aerobic microcosms consisting of groundwater and sediment from a California site with a history of gasoline contamination. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study directly examining the(More)
Biologically produced iso-butanol is currently being considered as an additive in gasoline blends. To evaluate its potential environmental fate in groundwater aquifers, a laboratory microcosm study was performed to evaluate iso-butanol biodegradation under various anaerobic conditions (nitrate-reducing, sulfate-reducing and methanogenic). The impacts of(More)
Rat liver fatty acid-binding protein (LFABP) is distinctive among intracellular lipid-binding proteins (iLBPs): more than one molecule of long-chain fatty acid and a variety of diverse ligands can be bound within its large cavity, and in vitro lipid transfer to model membranes follows a mechanism that is diffusion-controlled rather than mediated by(More)
Glucose repression is one of the main limitations in mixed lignocellulosic sugar fermentation for cost-effective production of fuels and chemicals. Here we report a novel strategy to overcome glucose repression by co-expressing a cellobiose transporter and a β-glucosidase in an engineered d-xylose-utilizing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. The resulting(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is associated with many aspects of physiological and pathological conditions, including pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production, as a consequence of COX-2 gene induction, has been reported to impair β-cell function. The molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of COX-2 gene expression are(More)
Recent laboratory-scale studies strongly suggested an advantage to operating air-sparging systems in a pulsed mode; however, little definitive field data existed to support the laboratory-scale observations. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of a field-scale pulsed air-sparging system during a short-term pilot test and during long-term system(More)
Tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) is a metabolite of methyl tert-butyl ether and is itself possibly a fuel oxygenate. The goals of this study were to enrich and characterize TBA-degrading micro-organism(s) from a granular activated carbon (GAC) unit currently treating TBA. The results reported herein describe the first aerobic, TBA-degrading cultures derived from(More)