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Low and high frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) stimulation was used in rats that had been lesioned by medial forebrain bundle transection. Behavioral tests showed that both low and high frequency EA stimulation significantly reduced the amphetamine-induced rotation 2 weeks after the lesion but only high frequency EA improved the rotational behavior at 4(More)
The plant hormone ethylene regulates growth and development as well as responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Over the last few decades, key elements involved in ethylene signal transduction have been identified through genetic approaches, these elements defining a pathway that extends from initial ethylene perception at the endoplasmic reticulum to(More)
In the present study, we investigated the role of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) in regulating the levels of reduced form of glutathione (GSH) to the tolerance of calli from two reed ecotypes, Phragmites communis Trin. dune reed (DR) and swamp reed (SR), in a long-term salt stress. G6PDH activity was higher in SR callus than that of DR callus(More)
A gain-of-function Arabidopsis mutant was identified via activation tagging genetic screening. The mutant exhibited clustered ectopic floral buds on the surface of inflorescence stems. The mutant was designated as sef for stem ectopic flowers. Our detailed studies indicate that the ectopic flower meristems are initiated from the differentiated cortex cells.(More)
The capacity to identify the unique functional architecture of an individual's brain is a crucial step toward personalized medicine and understanding the neural basis of variation in human cognition and behavior. Here we developed a cortical parcellation approach to accurately map functional organization at the individual level using resting-state(More)
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), a dose-limiting neurotoxic effect of chemotherapy, is the most common reason for early cessation of cancer treatment. This can result in an increased risk of recurrence and decreased survival rate. Inflammatory cascade activation, proinflammatory cytokine upregulation, and neuro-immune communication(More)
BACKGROUND Wide interindividual variation in responses to cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory drugs limits their clinical utility and safety. METHODS To better understand the molecular responses to COX inhibition, we analyzed the gene expression level of the genes encoding enzymes related to prostaglandin production including the COX-1 gene (PTGS1) and the(More)
BACKGROUND The coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) was cloned as a receptor for both viruses, but its primary biological functions and regulatory mechanisms are unknown. CAR was low in healthy adult myocardium, whereas strong CAR reexpression was observed in human dilated cardiomyopathy. The molecular mechanisms of CAR induction in cardiomyocytes are(More)
Dune reed (DR) is the more tolerant ecotype of reed to environmental stresses than swamp reed (SR). Under osmotic stress mediated by polyethylene glycol (PEG-6000), the suspension culture of SR showed higher ion leakage, and more oxidative damage to the membrane lipids and proteins was observed compared with the relatively tolerant DR suspension culture.(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is an anticancer agent that is widely used in a variety of human cancers including primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Important pharmacological properties that directly bear on the use of MTX in PCNSL, such as mechanisms that govern its uptake into brain tumors, are poorly defined, but are amenable to investigation in mouse(More)