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Max Tegmark, Michael A. Strauss, Michael R. Blanton, Kevork Abazajian, Scott Dodelson, Havard Sandvik, Xiaomin Wang, David H. Weinberg, Idit Zehavi, Neta A. Bahcall, Fiona Hoyle, David Schlegel, Roman Scoccimarro, Michael S. Vogeley, Andreas Berlind, Tamás Budavari, Andrew Connolly, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Douglas Finkbeiner, Joshua A. Frieman, James E. Gunn,(More)
The most important issue that must be solved in designing a data gathering algorithm for wireless sensor networks (WSNS) is how to save sensor node energy while meeting the needs of applications/users. In this paper, we propose a novel energy-aware routing protocol (EAP) for a long-lived sensor network. EAP achieves a good performance in terms of lifetime(More)
In 2002, Chien et al. proposed an efficient remote authentication scheme using smart cards, in which only few hashing operations are required. Later, Ku et al. gave an improved scheme to repair the security pitfalls found in Chien et al.'s scheme. Also Yoon et al. presented an enhancement on Ku et al.'s scheme. In this paper, we show that both Ku et al.'s(More)
In the present study, we investigated the role of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) in regulating the levels of reduced form of glutathione (GSH) to the tolerance of calli from two reed ecotypes, Phragmites communis Trin. dune reed (DR) and swamp reed (SR), in a long-term salt stress. G6PDH activity was higher in SR callus than that of DR callus(More)
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), a dose-limiting neurotoxic effect of chemotherapy, is the most common reason for early cessation of cancer treatment. This can result in an increased risk of recurrence and decreased survival rate. Inflammatory cascade activation, proinflammatory cytokine upregulation, and neuro-immune communication(More)
Electroacupuncture (EA) has been used in China for many years to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) with reportedly effective results. However, the physiological and biological mechanism behind its effectiveness is still unknown. In the present study, different frequencies of chronic EA stimulation (0, 2, 100 Hz) were tested in a partially lesioned rat model of(More)
BACKGROUND Wide interindividual variation in responses to cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory drugs limits their clinical utility and safety. METHODS To better understand the molecular responses to COX inhibition, we analyzed the gene expression level of the genes encoding enzymes related to prostaglandin production including the COX-1 gene (PTGS1) and the(More)
Dune reed (DR) is the more tolerant ecotype of reed to environmental stresses than swamp reed (SR). Under osmotic stress mediated by polyethylene glycol (PEG-6000), the suspension culture of SR showed higher ion leakage, and more oxidative damage to the membrane lipids and proteins was observed compared with the relatively tolerant DR suspension culture.(More)
Microglia plays an important role in mediating neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intervention in microglia activation may exert a neuroprotective effect. In the present study, we reported that oligomeric Abeta1-42 dramatically increased the level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta compared to monomeric and fibrillar(More)
Converging lines of evidence suggest that neuroinflammatory processes may account for the progressive death of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). Therefore, anti-inflammatory strategies have attracted much interest for their potential to prevent further deterioration of PD. Our previous study showed that triptolide, a traditional Chinese(More)