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The Condon approximation is widely applied in molecular and condensed matter spectroscopy and states that electronic transition dipoles are independent of nuclear positions. This approximation is related to the Franck-Condon principle, which in its simplest form holds that electronic transitions are instantaneous on the time scale of nuclear motion. The(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are a family of molecules that have the same cylindrical shape but different chiralities. Many fundamental studies and technological applications of SWNTs require a population of tubes with identical chirality that current syntheses cannot provide. The SWNT sorting problem-that is, separation of a synthetic mixture of(More)
Single-wall carbon nanotubes provide ideal model one-dimensional (1-D) condensed matter systems in which to address fundamental questions in many-body physics, while, at the same time, they are leading candidates for building blocks in nanoscale optoelectronic circuits. Much attention has been recently paid to their optical properties, arising from 1-D(More)
We exploit an energy level crossover effect [Haroz et al., Phys. Rev. B 77, 125405 (2008)] to probe quantum interference in the resonance Raman response from carbon nanotube samples highly enriched in the single semiconducting chiralities of (8,6), (9,4), and (10,5). UV Raman excitation profiles of G-band spectra reveal unambiguous signatures of(More)
We present Raman spectroscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) that are enriched in metallic species by density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU) and enriched in single semiconducting chiralities through DNA-based separations. Radial breathing mode (RBM) spectra demonstrate that DGU samples are highly enriched in armchair chiralities. The(More)
Internet Time-delay is one of the most important factors which decide the performance of the Internet-based control systems. In this paper, a testing software is developed by Visual C++ to measure the round trip time (RTT) of the data packet on Internet. After analyzing the characteristics of RTT, a prediction method was presented based on data waveform(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) was synthesized from short nanotubes using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and the associated factors affecting the re-growth of the SWCNT were both investigated and optimized. Long, dense nanotubes were prepared from a mixture of acetylene and ethanol on air-annealed ST-cut quartz substrates by hot-wall CVD. Raman and(More)
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