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This paper extends the Boltzmann Selection, a method in EDA with theoretical importance, from discrete domain to the continuous one. The difficulty of estimating the exact Boltzmann distribution in continuous state space is circumvented by adopting the multivariate Gaussian model, which is popular in continuous EDA, to approximate only the final sampling(More)
In this paper, the design of an automatic instrument for measuring the spatialdistribution of land surface emissivity is presented, which makes the direct in situmeasurement of the spatial distribution of emissivity possible. The significance of this newinstrument lies in two aspects. One is that it helps to investigate the spatial scalingbehavior of(More)
In order to make the prediction of land surface heat fluxes more robust, two improvements were made to an operational two-layer model proposed previously by Zhang. These improvements are: 1) a surface energy balance method is used to determine the theoretical boundary lines (namely 'true wet/cool edge' and 'true dry/warm edge' in the trapezoid) in the(More)
This paper deals with the adaptive variance scaling issue incontinuous Estimation of Distribution Algorithms. A phenomenon is discovered that current adaptive variance scaling method in EDA suffers from imprecise structure learning. A new type of adaptation method is proposed to overcome this defect. The method tries to measure the difference between the(More)
Appropriate fertilizer application is an important management practice to improve soil fertility and quality in the red soil regions of China. In the present study, we examined the effects of five fertilization treatments [these were: no fertilizer (CK), rice straw return (SR), chemical fertilizer (NPK), organic manure (OM) and green manure (GM)] on soil(More)
Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the intermediate health state between health and disease, refers to medically undiagnosed or functional somatic syndromes, and has been a major global public health challenge. However, both the etiology and mechanisms associated with SHS are still unclear. Breakfast eating behavior is a dietary pattern marker and previous(More)
Here, we aimed to examine the associations between levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and inflammatory cytokines in healthy Japanese adults. A total of 95 healthy adults (61 women; age range 21-69 years) participated in our study. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for 25(OH)D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], interferon-γ (IFN-γ),(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o The quantification of land surface evapotranspiration (ET) at daily or longer time scales is of great significance in modeling the global hydrological cycle, studying climate change, and managing water resources. However, current remote sensing-based ET models can generally only provide snapshots of ET at the time of a satellite(More)