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Carbon (C) and water cycles of terrestrial ecosystems are two coupled ecological processes controlled partly by stomatal behavior. Water-use efficiency (WUE) reflects the coupling relationship to some extent. At stand and ecosystem levels, the variability of WUE results from the trade-off between water loss and C gain in the process of plant photosynthetic(More)
This paper extends the Boltzmann Selection, a method in EDA with theoretical importance, from discrete domain to the continuous one. The difficulty of estimating the exact Boltzmann distribution in continuous state space is circumvented by adopting the multivariate Gaussian model, which is popular in continuous EDA, to approximate only the final sampling(More)
Trichlorfon [O,O-dimethyl-(2,2,2-trichloro-1-hydroxy-ethyl) phosphonate] (TCF) is a kind of widely used organophosphorus pesticides. In this paper, the mechanism and possible oxidation products for the OH-initiated reactions of TCF are studied at the MPWB1K/6-311+G(3df,2p)//MPWB1K/6-31+G(d,p) level. The study shows that H abstraction reaction from the CH(3)(More)
In this paper, the design of an automatic instrument for measuring the spatialdistribution of land surface emissivity is presented, which makes the direct in situmeasurement of the spatial distribution of emissivity possible. The significance of this newinstrument lies in two aspects. One is that it helps to investigate the spatial scalingbehavior of(More)
Albuminuria is characteristic of early-stage diabetic nephropathy (DN). The conventional treatments with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are unable to prevent the development of albuminuria in normotensive individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Purpose. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of ARB combined with a Chinese formula(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) has been described throughout the digestive tract. In this study, we investigated whether ICC also exist in the gallbladder wall of CD1 mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Immunofluorescent confocal microscopy was used to identify the morphology and distribution of ICC in either whole-mount flat(More)
The electrochemical mineralization mechanism of environmentally persistent perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) at a Ce-doped modified porous nanocrystalline PbO2 film anode was investigated using density functional theory (DFT) simulation and further validated experimentally. The potential energy surface was mapped out for all possible reactions during(More)
A detailed understanding of the degradation mechanism of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) is of great necessity. In wastewater treatment, an important degradation process of PCDDs ascribes to its reaction with the photo-Fenton reagent. In this paper, the reaction of 2,3,7,8-TeCDD with OH radicals has been studied using high level molecular orbital(More)
OBJECTIVE This cross-sectional study analyzed the association of serum irisin concentrations with cardiorespiratory fitness levels and common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FNDC5 gene and examined the relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness levels, common SNPs in FNDC5, and glucose metabolism. MATERIALS/METHODS Cardiorespiratory(More)
Appropriate fertilizer application is an important management practice to improve soil fertility and quality in the red soil regions of China. In the present study, we examined the effects of five fertilization treatments [these were: no fertilizer (CK), rice straw return (SR), chemical fertilizer (NPK), organic manure (OM) and green manure (GM)] on soil(More)