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Endostatin (ES) was reported to stimulate apoptosis in endothelial cells, but the exact mechanism remains controversial. In the present study, we elucidate the mechanism of ES-induced endothelial cell apoptosis. Our results indicate that ES induces cytochrome c release and caspase-9 activation in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMECs) at the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid-beta (Abeta)-containing plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuron and synapse loss. Tangle formation has been reproduced in P301L tau transgenic pR5 mice, whereas APP(sw)PS2(N141I) double-transgenic APP152 mice develop Abeta plaques. Cross-breeding generates triple transgenic ((triple)AD) mice that(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway plays crucial roles during embryonic development, whose aberration is implicated in a variety of human cancers. Axin, a key component of canonical Wnt pathway, plays dual roles in modulating Wnt signaling: on one hand, Axin scaffolds the “β-catenin destruction complex” to promote β-catenin degradation and therefore inhibits the Wnt(More)
Alternative splicing generates multiple isoforms of the microtubule-associated protein Tau, but little is known about their specific function. In the adult mouse brain, three Tau isoforms are expressed that contain either 0, 1, or 2 N-terminal inserts (0N, 1N, and 2N). We generated Tau isoform-specific antibodies and performed co-immunoprecipitations(More)
Protein misfolding and aggregation as a consequence of impaired protein homeostasis (proteostasis) not only characterizes numerous age-related diseases but also the aging process itself. Functionally related to the aging process are, among others, ribosomal proteins, suggesting an intimate link between proteostasis and aging. We determined by iTRAQ(More)
Endostatin, the C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, is a potent anti-angiogenic factor that significantly modulates the gene expression pattern in endothelial cells. Upon cell surface binding, endostatin can not only function extracellularly, but also translocate to the nucleus within minutes. However, the mechanism by which this occurs is partially(More)
Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) is one of the most important freshwater fish due to its delicious flesh and high nutritional value. However, lack of sufficient simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers has hampered the progress of genetic selection breeding and molecular research for yellow catfish. To this end, we aimed to develop and characterize(More)
The fungus Stagonospora nodorum is a necrotrophic pathogen of wheat. It causes disease by secreting proteinaceous effectors which interact with proteins encoded by dominant susceptibility genes in the host. The outcome of these interactions results in necrosis, allowing the fungus to thrive on dead plant material. The mechanisms of these effectors though(More)
Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is a commercially important fruit worldwide. Detailed information on genomic DNA polymorphisms, which are important for understanding phenotypic traits, is lacking for the apple. We re-sequenced two elite apple varieties, 'Nagafu No. 2' and 'Qinguan,' which have different characteristics. We identified many genomic variations,(More)
Anthocyanin biosynthesis in herbaceous plants has been studied widely, but the mechanism of anthocyanin accumulation in ‘Zijuan’ tea remains unclear. In this study, the leaf transcriptome of ‘Zijuan’ tea was analyzed at the purple and green stages by using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform. A total of 2250 unigenes were differentially expressed at the purple(More)