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The SUN (Sad1-UNC-84 homology) domain is conserved in a number of nuclear envelope proteins involved in nuclear migration, meiotic telomere tethering, and antiviral responses. The LINC (linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton) complex, formed by the SUN and the nesprin proteins at the nuclear envelope, serves as a mechanical linkage across the nuclear(More)
There is considerable interest in using mass spectrometry for biomarker discovery in human blood plasma. We investigated aspects of experimental design for large studies that require analysis of multiple sample sets using iTRAQ reagents for sample multiplexing and quantitation. Immunodepleted plasma samples from healthy volunteers were compared to(More)
The forkhead family protein FOXP3 acts as a repressor of transcription and is both an essential and sufficient regulator of the development and function of regulatory T cells. The molecular mechanism by which FOXP3-mediated transcriptional repression occurs remains unclear. Here, we report that transcriptional repression by FOXP3 involves a histone(More)
Nucleolin, originally described as a nuclear protein, was recently found to be expressed on the surface of endothelial cells during angiogenic. However, the functions of cell-surface nucleolin in angiogenic remain mysterious. Here we report that upon endothelial cells adhering to extracellular matrix components, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)(More)
Quantitative mass spectrometry using iTRAQ was used to identify differentially expressed proteins from 16 colorectal cancer (CRC) tumours compared to patient-paired adjacent normal mucosa. Over 1400 proteins were identified and quantitated, with 118 determined as differentially expressed by >1.3-fold, with false discovery rate < 0.05. Gene Ontology analysis(More)
PURPOSE Elevated numbers of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) in the tumor microenvironment are often correlated with poor prognosis in melanoma. However, the mechanisms by which TAMs modulate melanoma growth are still poorly understood. This study was aimed at examining the function and mechanism of TAM-derived adrenomedullin (ADM) in angiogenesis and(More)
Heat shock protein 90-alpha (Hsp90alpha) is an intracellular molecular chaperone. However, it can also be secreted with the underlying regulatory mechanism remaining far from clear. Here we show that the secreted Hsp90alpha is a C-terminal truncated form and its secretion is regulated by the C-terminal EEVD motif via interacting with proteins containing(More)
Endostatin (ES) was reported to stimulate apoptosis in endothelial cells, but the exact mechanism remains controversial. In the present study, we elucidate the mechanism of ES-induced endothelial cell apoptosis. Our results indicate that ES induces cytochrome c release and caspase-9 activation in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMECs) at the(More)
Partial degradation of the p100 subunit to generate p52 subunit is a hallmark of the alternative NF-κB pathway, which has been implicated in cancer. Here, we uncovered a role of the p97-Npl4-Ufd1 complex in mediating p100-to-p52 processing and therefore positively regulating the alternative NF-κB pathway. We observed an elevation of p97 mRNA levels in(More)
The hexaploid genome of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is large (17 Gb) and repetitive, and this has delayed full sequencing and annotation of the genome, which is a prerequisite for effective quantitative proteomics analysis. Aware of these constraints we investigated the most effective approaches for shotgun proteomic analyses of bread wheat that would(More)