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Exercise has been proposed for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the proper intensity of exercise in the early phase following a severe TBI is largely unknown. To compare two different treadmill exercise intensities on the cognitive function following a severe TBI in its early phase, rats experienced a controlled cortical impact (CCI)(More)
The composition and function of the central nervous system (CNS) is extremely complex. In addition to hundreds of subtypes of neurons, other cell types, including glia (astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia) and vascular cells (endothelial cells and pericytes) also play important roles in CNS function. Such heterogeneity makes the study of gene(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is the second leading cause of death among adults worldwide. Mindin is an ECM protein that plays important roles in regulating inflammation, angiogenesis and neuronal outgrowth. The role of mindin in the context of brain ischemia has not been examined. METHODS AND RESULTS Transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery was performed on(More)
Huntingtin (Htt) is a 350 kD intracellular protein, ubiquitously expressed and mainly localized in the cytoplasm. Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by a CAG triplet amplification in exon 1 of the corresponding gene resulting in a polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion at the N-terminus of Htt. Production of full-length Htt has been difficult in the past and so(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are endogenous ≈22-nt non-coding RNAs that participate in the regulation of gene expression at post-transcriptional level. MiR-1 is one of the muscle-specific miRs, aberrant expression of miR-1 plays important roles in many physiological and pathological processes. In this review, we focus on the recent studies about miR-1 in cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND The malignant mesothelioma (MM) survival rate has been hampered by the lack of efficient and accurate early detection methods. The immune system may detect the early changes of tumor progression by responding with tumor-associated autoantibody production. Hence, in this study, we translated the humoral immune response to cancer proteins into a(More)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) (> 200 bp) play crucial roles in transcriptional regulation during numerous biological processes. However, it is challenging to comprehensively identify lncRNAs, because they are often expressed at low levels and with more cell-type specificity than are protein-coding genes. In the present study, we performed ab initio(More)
Individuals carrying mutations at both ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene alleles reportedly have increased plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Previous studies have demonstrated that defective ATM function promotes atherosclerosis. We previously demonstrated that ATM facilitates the clearance of plasma apolipoprotein (Apo)E-deficient,(More)
BACKGROUND Neuronal degeneration, in particular in the striatum, and the formation of nuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions are characteristics of Huntington's disease (HD) as a result of the expansion of a polyglutamine tract located close to the N-terminus of huntingtin (htt). Because of the large (10-kb) size of the htt cDNA, expression of full-length htt(More)