Huntingtin (Htt) is a 350 kD intracellular protein, ubiquitously expressed and mainly localized in the cytoplasm. Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by a CAG triplet amplification in exon 1 of the corresponding gene resulting in a polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion at the N-terminus of Htt. Production of full-length Htt has been difficult in the past and so… (More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are endogenous ≈22-nt non-coding RNAs that participate in the regulation of gene expression at post-transcriptional level. MiR-1 is one of the muscle-specific miRs, aberrant expression of miR-1 plays important roles in many physiological and pathological processes. In this review, we focus on the recent studies about miR-1 in cardiac… (More)
BACKGROUND The malignant mesothelioma (MM) survival rate has been hampered by the lack of efficient and accurate early detection methods. The immune system may detect the early changes of tumor progression by responding with tumor-associated autoantibody production. Hence, in this study, we translated the humoral immune response to cancer proteins into a… (More)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) (> 200 bp) play crucial roles in transcriptional regulation during numerous biological processes. However, it is challenging to comprehensively identify lncRNAs, because they are often expressed at low levels and with more cell-type specificity than are protein-coding genes. In the present study, we performed ab initio… (More)
BACKGROUND Neuronal degeneration, in particular in the striatum, and the formation of nuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions are characteristics of Huntington's disease (HD) as a result of the expansion of a polyglutamine tract located close to the N-terminus of huntingtin (htt). Because of the large (10-kb) size of the htt cDNA, expression of full-length htt… (More)
With the notions of partial morphism and relation to be understood with respect to a class M of monomorphisms in a nitely complete category C, we give suucient conditions for the graph functor P ar(C) ! Rel(C) to admit a right adjoint. Only under an additional condition is this right adjoint given by the naturally constructed \pierced power objects".