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A map of protein-protein interactions provides valuable insight into the cellular function and machinery of a proteome. By measuring the similarity between two Gene Ontology (GO) terms with a relative specificity semantic relation, here, we proposed a new method of reconstructing a yeast protein-protein interaction map that is solely based on the GO(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis is an irreversible chronic progressive fibroproliferative lung disease, which usually has a poor prognosis. Previous studies have confirmed that the transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) significantly reduces lung damage in a number of animal models. However, the underlying mechanism involved in this process remains(More)
Many studies indicate that impairment in insulin signaling leads to learning and memory deficits. However, previous studies failed to establish a clear role of insulin in long-term potentiation (LTP), the best cellular model of memory formation. Here we show that while insulin pretreatment did not affect LTP magnitude in the adult rat hippocampus, it(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Ligustilide (LIG), a main lipophilic component of Danggui (Chinese Angelica root, Radix Angelica sinensis) which is a popular used herb to treat menstrual disorders in traditional chinese medicine, has been reported to possess some neuroprotective effects on permanent focal ischemia and transient forebrain ischemia. AIM OF(More)
Although ischemic preconditioning (IP) can provide powerful protection on brain against ischemic insult, it is rarely used in clinic to prevent the occurrence of ischemic stroke because of safety concerns. It is therefore necessary to seek the safer stimuli to initiate pharmacological preconditioning. Our previous work demonstrated that ginkgolide B (GB)(More)
Ischaemic preconditioning (IP) has been reported to protect the brain against subsequent lethal ischaemia, but it has not been used clinically to prevent ischaemic injury because of safety concerns. The aim of the present study was to see whether Ginkgolide B (GB) is capable of preconditioning as IP to protect neurons against ischaemic injury; if so, which(More)
RTP801 (also known as REDD1), a stress-related protein, is induced by several environmental stresses such as ischemia and cigarette smoke. Although ischemia can dramatically up-regulate RTP801 expression in brain ischemia, up to now, the exact relation between RTP801 and neuronal death in ischemia is poorly understood. In the current study, using oxygen and(More)
BACKGROUND Explicit comparisons based on the semantic similarity of Gene Ontology terms provide a quantitative way to measure the functional similarity between gene products and are widely applied in large-scale genomic research via integration with other models. Previously, we presented an edge-based method, Relative Specificity Similarity (RSS), which(More)
BACKGROUND In China, there are 2.5 million new stroke cases each year and 7.5 million stroke survivors. However, stroke incidence in some island populations is obviously lower compared with inland regions, perhaps due to differences in diet and lifestyle. As the lifestyle in China has changed significantly, along with dramatic transformations in social,(More)
BACKGROUND Since proteins perform their functions by interacting with one another and with other biomolecules, reconstructing a map of the protein-protein interactions of a cell, experimentally or computationally, is an important first step toward understanding cellular function and machinery of a proteome. Solely derived from the Gene Ontology (GO), we(More)