Xiaomei Chen

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BACKGROUND Tinea capitis is a common contagious fungal infection of the scalp in children. Systemic therapy is required for treatment and to prevent spread. This is an update of the original Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of systemic antifungal drugs for tinea capitis in children. SEARCH METHODS We updated our searches of the(More)
Pre-column derivatization and inhibition by solvent extraction were applied to determine free formaldehyde in cosmetics by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Due to the rapid decomposition of formaldehyde donors in the derivatization, it is hard to detect the amount of the free formaldehyde in cosmetics. The formaldehyde directly reacted with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A novel quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) processing technology has been developed to map tissue susceptibility property without blooming artifacts. We hypothesize that hematoma volume measurement on QSM is independent of imaging parameters, eliminating its echo time dependence on gradient echo MRI. METHODS Gradient echo MRI(More)
Cefadroxil, a cephalosporin antibiotic, is a substrate for several membrane transporters including peptide transporter 2 (PEPT2), organic anion transporters (OATs), multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs), and organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs). These transporters are expressed at the blood–brain barrier (BBB), blood-cerebrospinal fluid(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (CDK5), a serine/threonine kinase which can be activated by its neuron-specific activator p35, or its truncated form p25, plays an important role in a variety of neuronal events, including neuronal migration, synaptic transmission, and neuronal death. Accumulating evidence has shown that abnormal activation of CDK5 was a critical(More)
The Mpv17 gene encodes a mitochondrial inner-membrane protein that has been implicated in several cell activities. Almost all studies have previously indicated that loss of function or gene-inactivated in Mpv17 can induce the development of disease. Here, we explored the roles of Mpv17 protein in the pathophysiology of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). An ICH(More)
The proto-oncogene c-Fos is an important member of the activating protein 1 (AP-1) transcription complex involved in major cellular functions such as transformation, proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The expression of c-Fos is very tightly regulated and responses rapidly and transiently to a plethora of apoptotic stimuli. However, it is still(More)
A study on the chemical constituents of the endophytic fungus Preussia sp. led to the isolation of three new spirobisnaphthalene analogues, spiropreussione A (1), spiropreussione B (2), and spiropreussomerin A (3). Compound 2 is a spirobisnaphthalene analogue with a cyclopenteno-naphthoindene fragment bridged to a 1,8-dioxygenated naphthalene fragment, and(More)
It is attractive to pharmaceutical works to seek useful material from endophytic fungi. Spiropreussione A (SA) which is isolated from endophytic fungus Preussia sp. is a novel anti-tumor product. Since previous preparation method cannot provide enough SA, and considering the large volume of broth and low concentration of the target product, macroporous(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of elevated CO2 concentration and nitrogen addition on soil organic carbon fractions in subtropical forests where the ambient N deposition was high. Seedlings of typical subtropical forest ecosystems were transplanted in ten open-top chambers and grown under CO2 and nitrogen treatments. The treatments(More)