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Bacillus subtilis fmbJ (CGMCC no.0943) was used to produce lipopeptides antibiotics fengycin. The fengycin mixture was precipitated with 6N HCl and extracted by methanol. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry/collision-induced dissociation (ESI-MS/CID) were used to analyze the fengycin mixture. In the ESI-MS/CID spectra of fengycin molecular ions,(More)
Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize a protective medium for enhancing the cell viability of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus LB14 during freeze-drying. Using a previous Plackett–Burman design, it was found that sucrose, glycerol, sorbitol and skim milk were the most effective freeze-drying protective agents for L. bulgaricus(More)
Genome shuffling is an efficient approach for the rapid improvement of the yield of secondary metabolites. This study was undertaken to enhance the yield of surfactin produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ES-2-4 using genome shuffling and to examine changes in SrfA expression of the improved phenotype at the transcriptional level. Six strains with subtle(More)
In this study, the lipoxygenase (ana-LOX) gene from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 was successful expressed and secreted in Bacillus subtilis. Under the control of the P43 promoter, with a signal peptide from the B. subtilis 168 nprB gene, and facilitated by the molecular chaperone PrsA, the production of the recombinant ana-LOX (ana-rLOX) reached 76 U/mL (171.9(More)
Purification, characterization, gene cloning, and heterologous expression in Escherichia coli of a thermostable β-1,3-1,4-glucanase from Bacillus altitudinis YC-9 have been investigated in this paper. The donor strain B. altitudinis YC-9 was isolated from spring silt. The native enzyme was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation,(More)
BACKGROUND Error-prone polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is frequently used in directed evolution of enzymes to modify their quality. In this study, error-prone PCR was used to improve the catalytic efficiency of β-1,3-1,4-glucanase from Bacillus altitudinis YC-9. RESULTS By screening, the mutant Glu-3060 with higher activity was selected among 5000(More)
Strain GB-2 is a marine microbe with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, isolated from soil taken from the coastal city Lianyungang in the JiangSu province of China. Analysis of its morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics as well as chemical components of the cell wall strongly suggested that the strain GB-2 belonged to the(More)
Bacillus subtilis strain PB2-L1 produces the lipopeptide surfactin, a highly potent biosurfactant synthesized by a large multimodular nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS). In the present study, the modules SrfA-A-Leu, SrfA-B-Asp, and SrfA-B-Leu from surfactin NRPS in B. subtilis BP2-L1 were successfully knocked-out using a temperature-sensitive plasmid,(More)
Lipases are important biocatalysts that are widely used in food processing and bio-diesel production. However, organic solvents could inactivate some lipases during applications. Therefore, the efficient cloning and expression of the organic solvent-tolerant lipase is important to its application. In this work, we first found out an organic solvent-tolerant(More)