Xiaomang You

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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand activated transcription factor, is the receptor for the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons found in tobacco smoke, polychlorinated biphenyls, and the environmental pollutant, dioxin. To better understand the role of the AhR in the heart, echocardiography, invasive measurements of aortic and left ventricular(More)
Increased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression is a component of the immune response and has been demonstrated in cardiomyocytes in septic shock, myocarditis, transplant rejection, ischemia, and dilated cardiomyopathy. To explore whether the consequences of such expression are adaptive or pathogenic, we have generated a transgenic mouse model(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) acts via its G protein-coupled receptor (GLP-1R) to regulate blood glucose. Although the GLP-1R is widely expressed in peripheral tissues, including the heart, and exogenous GLP-1 administration increases heart rate and blood pressure in rodents, the physiological importance of GLP-1R action in the cardiovascular system(More)
OBJECTIVE Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is frequently used in infants undergoing the Norwood procedure. These infants are necessarily hypoxemic after separation from CPB. Considerable energy has been spent characterizing the physiological and histological consequences of DHCA, but these have largely focused on a normoxemic period of(More)
Elastases degrade the extracellular matrix, releasing growth factors and chemotactic peptides, inducing glycoproteins such as tenascin, and thereby promoting vascular cell proliferation and migration. Administration of serine elastase inhibitors reduces experimentally induced vascular disease. The ability to mount an intrinsic anti-elastase response may,(More)
OBJECTIVE Delayed preconditioning genetically reprograms the response to ischemic injury. Subclinical bacterial lipopolysaccharide acts through preconditioning, powerfully protecting against experimental stroke. We investigated the potential for lipopolysaccharide to protect against brain injury related to cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS Neonatal piglets(More)
BACKGROUND Our miniaturized bloodless prime circuit for neonatal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has previously been shown to elicit significantly reduced systemic inflammation. We studied the effects of this circuit on cerebral reperfusion because the pathophysiology of "no-reflow" is believed to have an inflammatory component. METHODS Twenty neonatal(More)
The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), which may develop following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), can cause postoperative complications that contribute to the morbidity and mortality associated with open-heart surgery. Inflammatory mediators such as cytokines, are thought to play an important role in SIRS. Zero Balance Ultrafiltration (Z-BUF) is(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that both cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and prolonged cold ischemia of the allograft (CI) are associated with chronic rejection of renal transplants. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of CMV infection, of CI and of the combination of both, on the progression of chronic rejection, and to obtain a more(More)
There is little information showing the use of microporous polypropylene hollow fiber oxygenators during extra-corporeal life support (ECLS). Recent surveys have shown increasing use of these hollow fibers amongst ECLS centers in the United States. We performed a retrospective analysis comparing the Terumo BabyRx hollow fiber oxygenator to the Medtronic 800(More)