Xiaoman Hong

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) mediate posttranscriptional gene regulation by binding to the 3' untranslated region of messenger RNAs to either inhibit or enhance translation. The extent and hormonal regulation of miRNA expression by ovarian granulosa cells and their role in ovulation and luteinization is unknown. In the present study, miRNA array analysis was used to(More)
OBJECTIVES Risk stratification of Barrett's esophagus (BE) using biomarkers remains an important goal. We evaluated feasibility and clinical accuracy of novel microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for prediction of BE dysplasia. METHODS Paired fresh-frozen and hematoxylin/eosin specimens from a prospective tissue repository where only biopsies with the lesion of(More)
The ribonuclease III endonuclease, Dicer1 (also known as Dicer), is essential for the synthesis of the 19-25 nucleotide noncoding RNAs known as micro-RNAs (miRNAs). These miRNAs associate with the RNA-induced silencing complex to regulate gene expression posttranscriptionally by base pairing with 3'untranslated regions of complementary mRNA targets.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNA molecules which post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. We have previously demonstrated that within the uterus, miRNA expression is under steroidal control and that disruption of Dicer1, the enzyme which generates mature miRNAs, leads to abnormalities in the development and function of the female(More)
The molecular mechanisms that regulate the pivotal transformation processes observed in the follicular wall following the preovulatory LH surge, are still not established, particularly for cells of the thecal layer. To elucidate thecal cell (TC) and granulosa cell (GC) type-specific biologic functions and signaling pathways, large dominant bovine follicles(More)
Cytotoxicity to renal tubular epithelial cells (RTE) is dependent on the relative response of cell survival and cell death signals triggered by the injury. Forkhead transcription factors, Bcl-2 family member Bad, and mitogen-activated protein kinases are regulated by phosphorylation that plays crucial roles in determining cell fate. We examined the role of(More)
The control of microtubule and actin-mediated events that direct the physical arrangement and separation of chromosomes during meiosis is critical since failure to maintain chromosome organization can lead to germ cell aneuploidy. Our previous studies demonstrated a role for FYN tyrosine kinase in chromosome and spindle organization and in cortical polarity(More)
Exposure of mammalian cells to genotoxic stress results in activation of the c-jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK)-stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathway and induction of DNA repair enzymes and cell cycle-regulatory proteins such as p53 and p21waf1. The p53 tumor suppressor protein transmits signals that activate p21waf1 gene expression. The p21waf1(More)
Apigenin is a nonmutagenic bioflavonoid that has been shown to be an inhibitor of mouse skin carcinogenesis induced by the two-stage regimen of initiation and promotion with dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). These DMBA/TPA-induced squamous cell carcinomas overexpress cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Cyclooxygenases are(More)
Ceramide is known to play a role in the cell signaling pathway involved in apoptosis. Most studies suggest that enhanced ceramide generation is the result of hydrolysis of sphingomyelin by sphingomyelinases. However, the role of ceramide synthase in enhanced ceramide generation has not been previously examined in hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. In the present(More)