Xiaolu Tang

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Phytoestrogens may function as partial agonists or antagonists of estrogen in many tissues including bone. Five phytoestrogens, belonging to the isoflavones and the flavonoids groups, were assayed in the human MG-63 osteoblastic cell line for their ability to stimulate transcriptional activity of an estrogen-response element (ERE)-luciferase reporter gene(More)
In this study, we conducted a clinical analysis of lymphocyte subtypes in 268 patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) to assess their clinical impact as a potential marker of advanced PD in Chinese patients. The participants comprised 268 sporadic PD patients and 268 healthy controls. The numbers of natural killer (NK) cells and CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, and(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia severity correlates most strongly with decreased synapse density in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Although studies in rodents have established that hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) is inhibited by soluble oligomers of beta-amyloid (Aβ), the synaptic mechanisms remain unclear. Here, field excitatory(More)
Placental CRH plays a major role in the mechanisms controlling human pregnancy and parturition. Understanding how placental CRH production is regulated is therefore of importance. Previously we have shown that placental expression of CRH peptide and mRNA are inhibited by estrogens, in contrast to the stimulatory effects of estrogen on hypothalamic CRH(More)
Estrogens and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) produced by the placenta play pivotal roles in the control of parturition in human and other primates. There is a strong correlation between maternal CRH and estrogen concentrations throughout gestation. To investigate whether CRH produced locally in the placenta could modulate estrogen production, we(More)
Homozygous tau knockout (Mapt-/-) mice develop age-dependent dopaminergic (DA) neuronal loss in the substantia nigra (SN) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), supporting an important function of tau in maintaining the survival of midbrain dopaminergic neurons (mDANs) during aging. However, it remains to be determined whether the microtubule-associated protein(More)
The extracellular space (ECS) in the brain provides an extrasynaptic transfer channel among neurons, axons and glial cells. It is particularly important in the early stage after birth, when angiogenesis is not yet complete and the ECS may provide the main pathway for metabolite transport. However, the characteristics of extracellular transport remain(More)
Placental-derived corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) seems to play a major role in the mechanisms controlling human pregnancy and parturition. It has been suggested that CRH directly modulates the endocrine function of placental trophoblasts, including the production of estrogen, ACTH, and prostaglandin. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect(More)
Soy isoflavones have been implicated to exert benefit on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Isoflavones can induce estrogen response element-mediated transcription in osteoblastic cells. In the present study, we investigate whether isoflavones genistein and daidzein regulate target gene transcription through cAMP regulatory element (CRE) in osteoblastic(More)
OBJECTIVES Reversible adrenal insufficiency frequently has been diagnosed in critically ill patients with sepsis who have either low basal cortisol levels or low cortisol responses to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation. It is generally accepted that a phenomenon called "endotoxin tolerance" contributes to immunosuppression during sepsis. The(More)
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