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A novel method had been developed for determination of microcystin in surface water by ultra-performance liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Water samples after being concentrated and cleaned with solid phase extraction (SPE) with Oasis HLB cartridge were separated on AcQuity UPLC BEH C18 column (1.7 microm, 1.0 x 50(More)
Morphology, structure, residual stress, and surface energy of magnetron-sputtered titanium nitride (TiN) thin films, deposited at 300 °C with a thickness in the 0.5-1.7 lm range, were characterized. Film micro-structure, the origin of residual stress, and its effect on the surface energy were analyzed. The grain size increased with the film thickness. X-ray(More)
The preferred growth orientation of the sputtered lead selenide (PbSe) thin films on Si(100) substrates was thermodynamically simulated and calculated on the basis of the density functional theory. The results showed that the total free energy variation during the grain growth is dominated by the interface and strain energy minimization under certain(More)
Thermodynamic analysis and computations of the equilibrium solution for the multivariable secondary phase in steels have been conducted, based on the chemical equilibrium. Solid solution precipitation in the Ti–N–C microalloy steel for the secondary phase was analyzed, and its engineering application in the development of carburizing gear steels was(More)
Electrowetting is a promising method for manipulating small volumes of liquid on a solid surface. This complex phenomenon couples electrical and fluid properties and offers many potential surprises. The complex electrical and capillary interactions in electrowetting are illustrated by an analysis of an electrowetting configuration that produces an(More)
We report an ultrathin NiOx catalyzed Si np(+) junction photoanode for a stable and efficient solar driven oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in water. A stable semi-transparent ITO/Au/ITO hole conducting oxide layer, sandwiched between the OER catalyst and the Si photoanode, is used to protect the Si from corrosion in an alkaline working environment, enhance(More)
An analytical method for the analysis of trace microcystins (MCYST) in water was developed using solid phase extraction (SPE) for enrichment and ultra performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/MS/MS) for detection. One litre of water was passed through SPE columns, the extracted sample was rinsed off by 10 mL methanol, then evaporated(More)
We present a study of a transition metal oxide composite modified n-Si photoanode for efficient and stable water oxidation. This sputter-coated composite functions as a protective coating to prevent Si from photodecomposition, a Schottky heterojunction, a hole conducting layer for efficient charge separation and transportation, and an electrocatalyst to(More)
BACKGROUND With life pace accelerated, poor diet habits developed, psychological burden enhanced and many other factors, the incidence of coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular cerebrovascular diseases has been increased year by year, which are serious threat to human health. OBJECTIVE Provide relational references for the(More)
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