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Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a hallmark of mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency. High levels of MSI at mononucleotide and dinucleotide repeats in colorectal cancer (CRC) are attributed to inactivation of the MMR genes, hMLH1 and hMSH2. CRC with low levels of MSI (MSI-L) exists; however, its molecular basis is unclear. There is another type of(More)
Taxol (paclitaxel) is known to inhibit cell growth and trigger significant apoptosis in various cancer cells. Although taxol induces apoptosis of cancer cells, its exact mechanism of action is not yet known. In this study we investigated death receptors, FAS-associated death domain protein (FADD), the activation of caspases-10 and -8 as well as the(More)
Cells express various cell surface adhesion molecules (receptors) that not only mechanically serve as contacting sites between the cell and extracellular matrix (ECM) or adjacent cells, but also initiate intracellular signaling pathways modulating important cellular events including survival and proliferation. Normal cells undergo apoptosis when lacking ECM(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that exogenous beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m) triggers significant apoptosis in several cell lines, but the molecular mechanism of beta 2m-induced apoptosis remains to be found. MATERIALS AND METHODS To understand the mechanism of beta 2m-induced apoptosis, we added purified human beta 2m to cultures of K562 human chronic(More)
INTRODUCTION Solid tumors, such as neuroblastoma (NB), are associated with a heterogeneous cell environment. Multicellular tumor spheroid (MCTS) cultures have been shown to better mimic growth characteristics of in vivo solid tumors. Because tumor spheroid growth patterns may be quite different from standard two-dimensional culture systems, we sought to(More)
RNA helicase A (RHA) is a member of the DEAD/H family of RNA helicases and unwinds duplex RNA and DNA. Recent studies have shown that RHA regulates the activity of gene promoters. However, little information is available about the in vivo relevance of RHA in the regulation of natural genes. We previously characterized a nuclear protein (MEF1) that binds to(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor in children. At the time of diagnosis, the tumor has metastasized in as many as 7 of 10 cases, and survival in high-risk patients remains poor. Accurate classification of high-risk patients is very important since this determines treatment plan, and although a consensus risk(More)
To explore the incidence, MR imaging findings, dynamic developing process of delayed leukoencephalopathy (DLE) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastases patients who undergone whole brain radiation (WBRT) therapy, we retrospectively reviewed 48 NSCLC patients who underwent WBRT for brain metastases from January 2010 through June(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults. Median survival from the time of diagnosis is less than a year, with less than 5% of patients surviving 5 years. These tumors are thought to arise through two different pathways. Primary GBMs represent de novo tumors, while secondary GBMs represent the malignant progression of(More)
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common and lethal malignant tumours worldwide with a poor 5-year survival rate. Recent studies indicated that miRNAs have been involved in the tumorigenic driver pathways in NSCLC, but the relevant molecular mechanisms are not well-understood. In this study, we investigated the biological functions and(More)