Xiaoling Liu

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Women carrying germ-line mutations in BRCA1 are strongly predisposed to developing breast cancers with characteristic features also observed in sporadic basal-like breast cancers. They appear as high-grade tumors with high proliferation rates and pushing borders. On the molecular level, they are negative for hormone receptors and ERBB2, display frequent(More)
Metastatic disease is the primary cause of death in breast cancer, the most common malignancy in Western women. Loss of E-cadherin is associated with tumor metastasis, as well as with invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), which accounts for 10%-15% of all breast cancers. To study the role of E-cadherin in breast oncogenesis, we have introduced conditional(More)
BACKGROUND A solid-state anaerobic digestion method is used to produce biogas from various solid wastes in China but the efficiency of methane production requires constant improvement. The diversity and abundance of relevant microorganisms play important roles in methanogenesis of biomass. The next-generation high-throughput pyrosequencing platform(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the clinical relevance of the recently characterized human oncoprotein cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) in human breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN CIP2A expression (mRNA and protein) was measured in three different sets of human mammary tumors and compared with clinicopathologic variables. The functional role(More)
Treatment of breast cancer is becoming more individualized with the recognition of tumor subgroups that respond differently to available therapies. Breast cancer 1 gene (BRCA1)-deficient tumors are usually of the basal subtype and associated with poor survival rates, highlighting the need for more effective therapy. We investigated a mouse model that(More)
Tumor formation is in part driven by DNA copy number alterations (CNAs), which can be measured using microarray-based Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH). Multiexperiment analysis of aCGH data from tumors allows discovery of recurrent CNAs that are potentially causal to cancer development. Until now, multiexperiment aCGH data analysis has been(More)
PURPOSE To assess efficacy of the novel, selective poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibitor AZD2281 against newly established BRCA2-deficient mouse mammary tumor cell lines and to determine potential synergy between AZD2281 and cisplatin. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We established and thoroughly characterized a panel of clonal cell lines from independent(More)
We have studied in vivo responses of "spontaneous" Brca1- and p53-deficient mammary tumors arising in conditional mouse mutants to treatment with doxorubicin, docetaxel, or cisplatin. Like human tumors, the response of individual mouse tumors varies, but eventually they all become resistant to the maximum tolerable dose of doxorubicin or docetaxel. The(More)
Hundreds of genes can be regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) under hypoxia. Here we demonstrated a HIF1-mediated induction of protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 3C gene (PPP1R3C) in human MCF7 cells under hypoxia. By mutation analysis we confirmed the presence of a functional hypoxia response element that is located 229bp upstream from the(More)
The influenza A virus matrix 1 protein (M1) shuttles between the cytoplasm and the nucleus during the viral life cycle and plays an important role in the replication, assembly, and budding of viruses. Here, a leucine-rich nuclear export signal (NES) was identified specifically for the nuclear export of the M1 protein. The predicted NES, designated the(More)