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BACKGROUND Many susceptible loci for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have recently been identified from Caucasians through genome wide association studies (GWAS). We aimed to determine the association of 11 known loci with T2DM and impaired glucose regulation (IGR), individually and in combination, in Chinese. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association study (GWAS) has identified more than 30 loci associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Caucasians. However, genomic understanding of T2D in Asians, especially Han Chinese, is still limited. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A two-stage GWAS was performed in Han Chinese from Mainland China. The discovery stage included 793(More)
Increased expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) has recently been reported in several cancers. However, whether member A1 of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1A1) is involved in the formation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unknown. To investigate the expression of ALDH1A1 in NPC and its association with the tumorigenesis of NPC, we examined(More)
Novel (nua) kinase family 1 (NUAK1) is a member of the human adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase family that has been identified as a key tumor cell survival factor. In the present study, we investigated the role of NUAK1 in the migration and invasion of human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Immunohistochemistry staining showed(More)
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and poses a heavy burden on public health and socioeconomic development of all nations. Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disease and due to a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors. Many environmental risk factors contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, including(More)
Whole-exome sequencing of 13 individuals with developmental delay commonly accompanied by abnormal muscle tone and seizures identified de novo missense mutations enriched within a sub-region of GNB1, a gene encoding the guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit beta-1, Gβ. These 13 individuals were identified among a base of 5,855 individuals recruited for(More)
To comprehensively understand anaerobic degradation of the novel cis-nitromethylene neonicotinoid insecticide Paichongding (IPP) and its impacts on microbial communities in anaerobic soils, we investigated IPP degradation characteristics, kinetics, and pathway in four different soils. The bacterial community in response to the application of IPP using(More)
BACKGROUND Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has been shown to contribute to tumour development and/or progression. However, the signalling pathway underlying the regulation of EZH2 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unclear. Since EZH2 contains the putative Glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) phosphorylation motif ADHWDSKNVSCKNC (591) and may(More)
Accumulated findings have demonstrated that the epigenetic code provides a potential link between prenatal stress and changes in gene expression that could be involved in the developmental programming of various chronic diseases in later life. Meanwhile, based on the fact that epigenetic modifications are reversible and can be manipulated, this provides a(More)
Purpose:Despite the recognized clinical value of exome-based diagnostics, methods for comprehensive genomic interpretation remain immature. Diagnoses are based on known or presumed pathogenic variants in genes already associated with a similar phenotype. Here, we extend this paradigm by evaluating novel bioinformatics approaches to aid identification of new(More)