Xiaolin Zhao

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Rodent models of obesity induced by consuming high-fat diet (HFD) are characterized by inflammation both in peripheral tissues and in hypothalamic areas critical for energy homeostasis. Here we report that unlike inflammation in peripheral tissues, which develops as a consequence of obesity, hypothalamic inflammatory signaling was evident in both rats and(More)
The involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the development of the neural crest (NC) cells and other neuronal differentiation is still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the global function of miRNAs in embryonic development by examining the Wnt1-cre-mediated Dicer knockout mice. Dicer ablation resulted in malformation of the midbrain and cerebellum and(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in mouse brain development. We and several other reports recently have demonstrated that Wnt1-cre-mediated loss of Dicer, the key enzyme for miRNA biosynthesis, results in malformation of the midbrain and cerebellum and failure of neural crest and dopaminergic differentiation. The(More)
We recently reported that the expression of the synaptic form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is induced during apoptosis in various cell types in vitro. Here, we provide evidence to confirm that AChE is expressed during ischemia–reperfusion (I/R)-induced apoptosis in vivo. Renal I/R is a major cause of acute renal failure (ARF), resulting in injury and the(More)
Opioid mechanisms are involved in the control of water and NaCl intake and opioid receptors (ORs) are present in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), a site of important facilitatory mechanisms related to the control of sodium appetite. Therefore, in the present study we investigated the effects of the activation of μ-ORs in the CeA on 0.3 M NaCl and(More)
Single- and double-immunostaining techniques were used systematically to study the distribution pattern and neurochemical density of oxytocin-immunoreactive (-ir) neurons in the digestive tract of the guinea pig. Oxytocin immunoreactivity was distributed widely in the guinea pig gastrointestinal tract; 3%, 13%, 17%, 15%, and 10% of ganglion neurons were(More)
A multilayer structural inertia microswitch with a bridge-type elastic fixed electrode for long duration contact has been designed and fabricated based on surface micromachining technology. The microswitch mainly consists of a suspended thick proof mass as a movable electrode and two parallel elastic beams with holes as a fixed electrode. The proof mass is(More)
Background modeling is an essential processing component for many video applications. However, most reported background modeling algorithms, which are based on the intensity difference detection, fail to handle sudden illumination change in monitored scenario. In this paper, a novel Markov random field (MRF) based probabilistic approach for background(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expression may be induced during apoptosis in various cell types. Here, we used the C-terminal of AChE to screen the human fetal brain library and found that it interacted with Ran-binding protein in the microtubule-organizing center (RanBPM). This interaction was further confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation analysis. In HEK293T(More)