Xiaolin Xue

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Neuronal oscillations are fundamental to hippocampal function. It has been shown that GABAergic interneurons make an important contribution to hippocampal oscillations, but the underlying mechanism is not well understood. Here, using whole-cell recording in the complete hippocampal formation isolated from rats at postnatal days 14–18, we showed that GABAA(More)
BACKGROUND Wenxin Keli is a popular Chinese herb extract that approximately five million Asians are currently taking for the treatment of a variety of ventricular arrhythmias. However, its electrophysiological mechanisms remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS The concentration-dependent electrophysiological effects of Wenxin Keli were evaluated in(More)
Studies on the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with acupuncture and moxibustion in China were reviewed. All studies concluded the treatments were effective, with response rates ranging from 78.95% to 100%. However, the qualities of the studies were generally poor, and none of them used a RCT design. The common acupoints/sites used in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Drug-induced torsades de pointes (TdP) often occurs during bradycardia due to reverse use-dependence. We tested the hypothesis that inhibition or enhancement of late sodium current (I(Na,L) ) could modulate the drug-induced reverse use-dependence in QT and T(p-e) (an index of dispersion of repolarization), and therefore the liability(More)
BACKGROUND Timothy syndrome (TS) is a rare long-QT syndrome caused by CACNA1C mutations G406R in exon 8A (TS1) and G402S/G406R in exon 8 (TS2). Management of TS is a challenge and prognosis is poor. This study aimed to explore the inheritance pattern and mechanism of an INa blocker, mexiletine, to improve clinical manifestations in TS. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
A simple, compact, and highly sensitive optical fiber directional bend sensor is presented. This device consists of a lateral-offset splicing joint and an up-taper formed through excessive fusion splicing method. The lateral-offset splicing breaks the cylindrical symmetry of the fiber and defines a pair of directions along which the bending response of the(More)
Mutations in the human ether‑à‑go‑go‑related gene (hERG) are responsible for long‑QT syndrome (LQTS) type 2 (LQT2). In the present study, a heterozygous missense mutation (A561V) linked to LQT2, syncope and epilepsy was identified in the S5/pore region of the hERG protein. The mutation, A561V, was prepared and subcloned into hERG‑pcDNA3.0. Mutant plasmids(More)
As one component of the Chinese medicine meridian system, the meridian sinew (Jingjin, (see text), tendino-musculo) is specially described as being for acupuncture treatment of the musculoskeletal system because of its dynamic attributes and tender point correlations. In recent decades, the therapeutic importance of the sinew meridian has become revalued in(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and causes impairments of memory, cognition and behavior. Remarkably, most AD patients exhibit personality changes that often precede other early clinical manifestations. Conditional presenilin1 (PS1) and presenilin2 (PS2) double knockout (DKO) mice have age-related forebrain atrophy, tau(More)