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—We show in this paper how several proposed Strong Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) can be broken by numerical modeling attacks. Given a set of challenge-response pairs (CRPs) of a Strong PUF, our attacks construct a computer algorithm which behaves indistinguishably from the original PUF on almost all CRPs. This algorithm can subsequently impersonate(More)
One part of the original PUF promise was their improved resilience against physical attack methods, such as cloning, invasive techniques, and arguably also side channels. In recent years, however, a number of effective physical attacks on PUFs have been developed [17,18,20,8,2]. This paper continues this line of research, and introduces the first power and(More)
—We discuss the first power and timing side channels on Strong Physical Unclonable Functions (Strong PUFs) in the literature, and describe their efficient exploitation via adapted machine learning (ML) techniques. Our method is illustrated by the example of the two currently most secure (CCS 2010, IEEE T-IFS 2013) electrical Strong PUFs, so-called XOR(More)
—Machine Learning (ML) is a well-studied strategy in modeling Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) but reaches its limits while applied on instances of high complexity. To address this issue, side-channel attacks have recently been combined with modeling techniques to make attacks more efficient [25][26]. In this work, we present an overview and survey of(More)
BACKGROUND Chitosan shows particularly high biocompatibility and fairly low cytotoxicity. However, chitosan is insoluble at physiological pH. Moreover, it lacks charge, so shows poor transfection. In order to develop a new type of gene vector with high transfection efficiency and low cytotoxicity, amphiphilic chitosan was synthesized and linked with(More)
— In recent years, Internet provides a unique opportunity to express and spread public sentiment, which makes the web contents becoming the largest information source of public sentiment. Since web public sentiment reflects people's attitude to society and politics, the public opinion's orientation is significant to decision-makers. In this paper, we(More)
RAV12 is a chimeric antibody that recognizes an N-linked carbohydrate antigen (RAAG12) strongly expressed on multiple solid organ cancers. More than 90% of tumors of colorectal, gastric, and pancreatic origin express RAAG12, and a majority of these tumors exhibit uniform RAAG12 expression. RAV12 exhibits potent cytotoxic activity in vitro against COLO 205(More)