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As a powerful statistical image modeling technique, sparse representation has been successfully used in various image restoration applications. The success of sparse representation owes to the development of the <i>l</i><sub>1</sub>-norm optimization techniques and the fact that natural images are intrinsically sparse in some domains. The image restoration(More)
The challenge of image interpolation is to preserve spatial details. We propose a soft-decision interpolation technique that estimates missing pixels in groups rather than one at a time. The new technique learns and adapts to varying scene structures using a 2-D piecewise autoregressive model. The model parameters are estimated in a moving window in the(More)
Preserving edge structures is a challenge to image interpolation algorithms that reconstruct a high-resolution image from a low-resolution counterpart. We propose a new edge-guided nonlinear interpolation technique through directional filtering and data fusion. For a pixel to be interpolated, two observation sets are defined in two orthogonal directions,(More)
Digital cameras sample scenes using a color filter array of mosaic pattern (e.g., the Bayer pattern). The demosaicking of the color samples is critical to the image quality. This paper presents a new color demosaicking technique of optimal directional filtering of the green-red and green-blue difference signals. Under the assumption that the primary(More)
This paper introduces a new, principled approach to detecting LSB steganography in digital signals such as images and audio. It is shown that the length of hidden message embedded in the least significant bits of signal samples can be estimated with relatively high precision. The new steganalytic approach is based on some statistical measures of sample(More)
We present a novel 2-D wavelet transform scheme of adaptive directional lifting (ADL) in image coding. Instead of alternately applying horizontal and vertical lifting, as in present practice, ADL performs lifting-based prediction in local windows in the direction of high pixel correlation. Hence, it adapts far better to the image orientation features in(More)
Color mosaic sampling schemes are widely used in digital cameras. Given the resolution of CCD sensor arrays, the image quality of digital cameras using mosaic sampling largely depends on the performance of the color demosaicking process. A common problem with existing color demosaicking algorithms is an inconsistency of sample interpolations in different(More)
Factors contributing to retroviral integration have been intractable because past studies have not precisely located genomic sites of proviruses in sufficient numbers for significant analysis. In this study, 903 murine leukemia virus (MLV) and 379 human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) integrations in the human genome were mapped. The data showed that MLV(More)