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The rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae forms a specialized infection structure called an appressorium to breach the host-plant epidermis for successful infection. In this study, a mutant defective in appressorial penetration was isolated by a mutagenesis approach, in which an exogenous DNA fragment was found to be inserted into the first exon of MoCRC1.(More)
Balancing Recall and Precision of rare class in cost-sensitive classification is a general problem. In this paper, we propose a novel cost-sensitive learning algorithm, named Adaptive Cost Optimization (AdaCO), which uses the resampling and genetic algorithm to build convex combination composite classifiers. In every base classifier's building, we use(More)
Subcritical co-solvents extraction of lipid from wet microalgae pastes of Nannochloropsis sp. In this paper subcritical co-solvents extraction (SCE) of algal lipid from wet pastes of Nannochloropsis sp. is examined. The influences of five operating parameters including the ratio between ethanol to hexane, the ratio of mixed solvents to algal biomass (dry(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are excellent markers for the study of adaptive genetic variation occurring over different geographical scales. The Chinese egret (Egretta eulophotes) is a vulnerable ardeid species with an estimated global population of 2600–3400 individuals. In this study, we sampled 172 individuals of this egret (approximately(More)
The diet of the skink, Eumeces chinensis (Lacertilia: Scincidae), in Xiamen (Amoy), China was examined using stomach analysis during April and May, and its selection of prey size was tested by feeding trials. Insects (primarily Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, and Orthoptera), gastropods and arachnids constituted most of the E. chinensis diet, but earthworms,(More)
Cerebral edema is a major contributor to morbidity associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The methods involved in most rodent models of TBI, including head fixation, opening of the skull, and prolonged anesthesia, likely alter TBI development and reduce secondary injury. We report the development of a closed-skull model of murine TBI, which minimizes(More)
This study was to project a powerful volumetric-related parameter on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for classifying patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) into distinct subgroups objectively. The preoperative MRIs of 147 patients with primary GBM were analyzed. Volumetric-related parameters, including V1 (tumor volume), V2 (peritumoral T2/FLAIR(More)
Insect species recognition is more difficult than generic object recognition because of the similarity between different species. In this paper, we propose a hybrid approach called discriminative local soft coding (DLSoft) which combines local and discriminative coding strategies together. Our method takes use of neighbor codewords to get a local soft(More)
This paper describes the implementation of a multi-mode MIMO detector based on the concept of partially reconfigurable ASIP (rASIP). The multi-mode detector can support three different detection algorithms which are the Maximum Ratio Combining, the linear Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) detection, and the MMSE Successive Interference Cancellation. The(More)