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Plant communities on Mount Segrila on the Tibetan Plateau show distinct changes at different altitudes, but little information is available on belowground communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Root samples of two co-occurring species, Pennisetum centrasiaticum and Kobresia sp., growing in open grasslands at eight altitudes (3,446–4,556 m) were(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between external estimates of exposure to metals in air particles and altered heart rate variability (HRV). However, studies on the association between internal assessments of metals exposure and HRV are limited. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine the potential association(More)
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is one of the key adaptor proteins to signal transduction that triggers downstream cascades involved in innate immunity. In this study, the MyD88 gene from Chinese soft-shelled turtle (Trionyx sinensis) (tMyD88) was identified, representing the fist example from reptile species. The tMyD88 has a 894-bp ORF and(More)
Lactobacillus crispatus (L. crispatus) ZJ001 is highly adhesive to epithelial cells and expresses S-layer proteins. In this study, S-layer genes were sequenced and expressed in E. coli to characterize the function of S-layer proteins with this particular strain. L. crispatus ZJ001 harbored two Slayer genes slpA and slpB, and only slpA gene was expressed in(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the spatiotemporal properties of the cortical responses elicited by intraorbital optic nerve (ON) stimulation with penetrating electrodes as means of designing optimal stimulation strategies for an ON visual prosthesis. METHODS The ON of rabbits was exposed by orbital surgery for electrical stimulation. Craniotomy was performed to(More)
The diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in sedges on the Tibetan Plateau remains largely unexplored, and their contribution to soil aggregation can be important in understanding the ecological function of AMF in alpine ecosystems. Roots of Kobresia pygmaea C.B. Clarke and Carex pseudofoetida Kük. in alpine Kobresia pastures along an elevational(More)
Betaine is reported to regulate hepatic cholesterol metabolism in mammals. Chicken eggs contain considerable amount of betaine, yet it remains unknown whether and how betaine in the egg affects hepatic cholesterol metabolism in chicks. In this study, eggs were injected with betaine at 2.5 mg/egg and the hepatic cholesterol metabolism was investigated in(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection induces autophagy and apoptosis. These cellular responses could be connected with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. It remains unknown if PCV2 induces ER stress and if autophagy or apoptosis is primary to PCV2 infection or secondary responses following ER stress. Here, we demonstrate that PCV2 triggered unfolded(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking is a risk factor for many human diseases. DNA methylation has been related to smoking, but genome-wide methylation data for smoking in Chinese populations is limited. OBJECTIVES We aimed to investigate epigenome-wide methylation in relation to smoking in a Chinese population. METHODS We measured the methylation levels at > 485,000 CpG(More)
Data warehousing technology has made a huge impact in the world of business; it helps to turn data into information that helps analysts to make strategic decisions. Currently most data warehouse approaches employ static refresh mechanisms. But for various business requirements this is not an appropriate solution. Some critical data need to be refreshed in(More)