Xiaolian Zhang

Learn More
Currently, the development of effective diagnostic reagents as well as treatments against Hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a high priority. In this study, we have described the development of an alive cell surface--Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (CS-SELEX) technique and screened the functional ssDNA aptamers that specifically bound(More)
L-ficolin, one of lectin families, is a recently identified complement factor that initiates lectin pathway of complement. Little is known about its role in viral hepatitis. In the present study, we found that L-ficolin in serum from 103 patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV), were significantly higher than that in 150 healthy controls. We further found that(More)
Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) remains the most frequent and important infectious disease causing morbidity and death. One-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), the etiologic agent of TB. Because of the global health problems of TB, the development of potent new anti-TB drugs without cross-resistance with known(More)
Viral infection activates transcription factors NF-kappaB and IRF3, which collaborate to induce type I interferons (IFNs) and elicit innate antiviral response. MITA (also known as STING) has recently been identified as an adaptor that links virus-sensing receptors to IRF3 activation. Here, we showed that the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF5 interacted with MITA in(More)
Almost all of the key molecules in organisms involved in the innate and adaptive immune response (including immunoglobulins, cytokines and cytokine receptors, complements, CD molecules, adhesions, T-cell receptors and major histocompatibility complex molecules) are glycoproteins. Besides, foreign antigens, such as many viral envelope proteins, are(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi is an important pathogen exclusively for humans and causes typhoid or enteric fever. It has been shown that type IVB pili, encoded by the S. enterica serovar Typhi pil operon located in Salmonella pathogenicity island 7, are important in the pathogenic process. In this study, by using both an adhesion-invasion assay and(More)
Most studies of cancer stem cells (CSC) involve the inoculation of cells from human tumors into immunosuppressed mice, preventing an assessment on the immunologic interactions and effects of CSCs. In this study, we examined the vaccination effects produced by CSC-enriched populations from histologically distinct murine tumors after their inoculation into(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer disease and a definite carcinogen for gastric adenocarcinoma. However, the underlying pathogenic mechanisms are not fully understood. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a key cytokine involved in H. pylori-induced gastric inflammation. The present study aimed to determine(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains a major global health problem. Interleukin 24 (IL-24) is a novel tumor suppressor and a unique member of the IL-10 family of cytokines. However, the in vivo immunological consequences of this cytokine's activity during Mtb infection are still unknown. We found that IL-24 concentration was(More)
Salmonella (S.) typhi is an important intracellular pathogen. Among the more than 2,300 closely-related Salmonella serovars bacteria recognized, S. typhi is the only one that is pathogenic exclusively for humans, in whom it causes typhoid or enteric fever. The pathogen has been around for many years and many studies have been done in an effort to combat it.(More)