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BACKGROUND Noroviruses (NoVs) are the leading cause of infectious gastroenteritis worldwide. Real-time reverse transcription PCR (real-time RT-PCR) is the preferred method of NoV detection for the majority of testing laboratories. Although the accepted target region for molecular detection assays is the conserved ORF1/ORF2 junction, multiple variations have(More)
Six-hundred and twenty-six stool specimens collected from children with diarrhea over a 12-month period were tested for rotavirus using a real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, a conventional nested PCR assay and by electron microscopy (EM). A fragment of 87 bp in a highly-conserved region of non-structural protein 3(More)
In order to evaluate the LightCycler-based PCR (LC-PCR) as a diagnostic assay technique, a classical pp65 antigenemia assay and the commercially available COBAS Amplicor CMV Monitor (CACM) assay were compared to the LC-PCR assay for the detection and quantitation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) load in 404 parallel specimens of peripheral blood from 66 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to investigate the frequency, morbidity and cause of acute gastroenteritis in children attending day-care centers in Denmark. METHODS Children with acute diarrhea (> or =2 consecutive loose stools in 24 hours, with duration of < or =7 days), recruited from 19 day-care centers, were included. Gastroenteritis viruses,(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic administration to individuals with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection remains controversial. We assessed if antibiotic administration to individuals with STEC infection is associated with development of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). METHODS The analysis included studies published up to 29 April 2015, that(More)
Point source norovirus outbreaks can be difficult to track due to high background levels of the virus in the environment and the limited strain variation in some genotyping regions. However, rapid and accurate source identification can limit the spread of a foodborne outbreak and reduce the number of cases. Harmonization of genotyping assays is critical for(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) encodes multiple microRNAs. While these have been partially characterized in vitro, their relevance to clinical CMV infection has not been evaluated. We analyzed samples from a cohort of solid organ transplant patients with CMV disease (n = 245) for viral microRNA expression. Several CMV microRNAs were readily detectable in patients(More)
Three-dimensional shape-based descriptors have been widely used in object recognition and database retrieval. In the current work, we present a novel method called compact Shape-DNA (cShape-DNA) to describe the shape of a triangular surface mesh. While the original Shape-DNA technique provides an effective and isometric-invariant descriptor for surface(More)
BACKGROUND Noroviruses (NoVs) are the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis. Their high incidence and importance in health care facilities result in a great impact on public health. Studies from around the world describing increasing prevalence have been difficult to compare because of differing nomenclatures for variants of the dominant genotype,(More)
To assess interlaboratory variability in qualitative and quantitative cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load (VL) testing, we distributed a panel of samples to 33 laboratories in the USA, Canada and Europe who performed testing using commercial reagents (n = 17) or laboratory-developed assays (n = 18). The panel included two negatives, seven samples constructed(More)