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This paper studies the problem of building text classifiers using positive and unlabeled examples. The key feature of this problem is that there is no negative example for learning. Recently, a few techniques for solving this problem were proposed in the literature. These techniques are based on the same idea, which builds a classifier in two steps. Each(More)
We investigate the following problem: Given a set of documents of a particular topic or class È , and a large set Å of mixed documents that contains documents from class È and other types of documents, identify the documents from class È in Å. The key feature of this problem is that there is no labeled non-È document, which makes traditional machine(More)
We examined the modulation of persistent inward currents (PICs) by serotonin (5-HT) in spinal motoneurons of normal and chronic spinal rats. PICs are composed of both a TTX-sensitive persistent sodium current (Na PIC) and a nimodipine-sensitive persistent calcium current (Ca PIC), and we focused on quantifying the Na PIC (and its action on the total PIC),(More)
Months after sacral spinal transection in rats (chronic spinal rats), motoneurons below the injury exhibit large, low-threshold persistent inward currents (PICs), composed of persistent sodium currents (Na PICs) and persistent calcium currents (Ca PICs). Here, we studied whether motoneurons of normal adult rats also exhibited Na and Ca PICs when the spinal(More)
Over the months following sacral spinal cord transection in adult rats, a pronounced spasticity syndrome emerges in the affected tail musculature, where long-lasting muscle spasms can be evoked by low-threshold afferent stimulation (termed long-lasting reflex). To develop an in vitro preparation to examine the neuronal mechanisms underlying spasticity, we(More)
In the months after spinal cord injury, motoneurons develop large voltage-dependent persistent inward currents (PICs) that cause sustained reflexes and associated muscle spasms. These muscle spasms are triggered by any excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) that is long enough to activate the PICs, which take > 100 ms to activate. The PICs are composed of(More)
BACKGROUND How to detect protein complexes is an important and challenging task in post genomic era. As the increasing amount of protein-protein interaction (PPI) data are available, we are able to identify protein complexes from PPI networks. However, most of current studies detect protein complexes based solely on the observation that dense regions in PPI(More)
The spinal cord and spinal motoneurons are densely innervated by terminals of serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) neurons arising mostly from the brain stem, but also from intrinsic spinal neurons. Even after long-term spinal transection (chronic spinal), significant amounts (10%) of 5-HT and NE (monoamines) remain caudal to the injury. To determine(More)