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OBJECTIVE The intent of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and risk factors affecting mortality of the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients in a single peritoneal dialysis (PD) center over a period of 10 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed patients on PD from June 2001 to June 2011. The clinical and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an aging-associated neurodegenerative disorder with progressive pathology involving the loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Neurotrophic factors are promising for PD gene therapy; they are integrally involved in the development of the nigrostriatal system. Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) was recently discovered to(More)
The complex pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) involves multiple contributing factors, including amyloid β (Aβ) peptide accumulation, inflammation and oxidative stress. Effective therapeutic strategies for AD are still urgently needed. Triptolide is the major active compound extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f., a traditional Chinese(More)
Prior evidence shows that acupuncture improves symptoms in both Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and animal models. We examined the effects of high-frequency (100 Hz) electroacupuncture (EA) on behavior in a rat PD model induced by medial forebrain bundle (MFB) transection. Neurotransmitters levels in the striatum were measured using in vivo microdialysis(More)
In this letter, the possible dynamic scaling properties of protein molecules in folding are investigated theoretically by assuming that the protein molecules are percolated networks. It is shown that the fractal character and the fractal dimensionality may exist only for short sequences in large protein molecules and small protein molecules with homogeneous(More)
We investigate electronic transport properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes ͑SWNT's͒ under hydro-static pressure, using first-principles quantum transport calculations aided by molecular-dynamics simulation and continuum mechanics analysis. We demonstrate a pressure-induced metal-to-semiconductor transition in armchair SWNT's, which provides a basis(More)
Single-layer FeSe films with an extremely expanded in-plane lattice constant of 3.99±0.02  Å are fabricated by epitaxially growing FeSe/Nb:SrTiO3/KTaO3 heterostructures and studied by in situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Two elliptical electron pockets at the Brillouin zone corner are resolved with negligible hybridization between them,(More)
The interface between transition metal compounds provides a rich playground for emergent phenomena. Recently, significantly enhanced superconductivity has been reported for single-layer FeSe on Nb-doped SrTiO3 substrate. Yet it remains mysterious how the interface affects the superconductivity. Here we use in situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy(More)
We show, by first-principles calculations, that the effect of external strain on surface diffusion is inherently correlated with the intrinsic surface stress induced by the adatom along its diffusion pathways. We demonstrate a simple generic method for a priori predicting quantitatively how an external strain will change surface diffusion on any given(More)
Based on first-principles calculations of surface diffusion barriers, we show that on a compressive Ge(001) surface the diffusivity of Ge is 10(2)-10(3) times higher than that of Si in the temperature range of 300 to 900 K, while on a tensile surface, the two diffusivities are comparable. Consequently, the growth of a compressive SiGe film is rather(More)