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Schwann cells (SCs) play an essentially supportive role in the regeneration of injured peripheral nerve system (PNS). As Netrin-1 is crucial for the normal development of nervous system (NS) and can direct the process of damaged PNS regeneration, our study was designed to determine the role of Netrin-1 in RSC96 Schwann cells (an immortalized rat Schwann(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Keywords: Multi-objective programming Optimal decision Country risk Emergency(More)
In the perspective of oil-importers, this paper considers an extension of the Value at Risk approach incorporated with time-varying conditional volatility model to trace the actual dynamic risk of regional oil-importing portfolio caused by the country risk volatility. With an application to oil economies in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) region, empirical(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a well-identified hypoxia-related protein, is involved in regulating the biological functions of various cell types including neurons. The traditional biological function of HIF-1α is promoting the transcription of some pro-survival genes when exposing to low oxygen conditions. Meanwhile, some studies also point out(More)
BACKGROUND The induction of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) apoptosis has potential as a potent strategy to diminish the progression of liver fibrosis. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of soluble egg antigens (SEA) from schistosomes to inhibit HSC activation and to induce apoptosis in vitro. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanism of(More)
In the process of hepatic fibrosis, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) can be activated by many inflammatory cytokines. The transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is one of the main profibrogenic mediators. Recently, some studies have also shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in the progress of liver fibrosis by being involved in the(More)
Accumulating evidences demonstrated that microglia activation and the autocrine loop of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) greatly contribute to the pathogenesis of several CNS diseases. TNFα exerts its biological effects by interacting with two different receptors: TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) and TNFR2. The classic proinflammatory activity of TNFα is mainly(More)