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Whole-genome duplication events (polyploidy events) and gene loss events have played important roles in the evolution of legumes. Here we show that the vast majority of Hsf gene duplications resulted from whole genome duplication events rather than tandem duplication, and significant differences in gene retention exist between species. By searching for(More)
From January 2000 to May 2008, 50 patients with facial contour deformities underwent soft tissue augmentation with 51 anterolateral thigh (ALT) adipofascial flaps. Fifty flaps survived with no complications; partial fat necrosis occurred in one flap. Mean follow-up was 16 months. Flaps ranged from 10 x 6 cm to 20 x 12 cm. Perforators were found in 50 flaps,(More)
Treatment of hemifacial atrophy presents a challenge for reconstructive surgeons. Previous studies have described numerous methods for the correction of facial asymmetry. We present our experience with treatment of hemifacial atrophy using a microsurgical anterolateral thigh adipofascial flap procedure and other adjunctive measures. This method is similar(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that homeodomain-leucine zipper I (HD-Zip) I transcription factors play important roles in abiotic stress responses, but no HD-Zip I proteins have been reported in maize. Here, a drought-induced HD-Zip I gene, Zmhdz10, was isolated from maize and characterized for its role in stress responses. Real-time quantitative PCR showed(More)
In this study, we report a function of myo-inositol-O-methyltransferase (Imt1) in response to low temperature stress using transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Imt1 gene was constructed identical to the Imt1 gene from a halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. After cold stress, the Imt1 transgenic plants exhibited stronger growth than the wild type plants. The(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past 20 years, there has been an increase in the use of bioresorbable fixation system in orthognathic surgery, but concerns remain about the stability of fixation. This review is to seek evidence for the effectiveness of bioresorbable fixation systems compared to titanium systems used for orthognathic surgery. METHODS A systematic(More)
By using extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) trajectories, we propose an improved performance-analysis method for belief propagation (BP) decoding of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. On the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel, the achieved convergence threshold values have errors to those computed by density evolution (DE) within 0.01 dB.(More)
We performed simultaneous facial scar repair and oral aperture open with a windowed, bilateral, bipedicled deep inferior epigastric perforator flap (DIEP flap) in a 20-year-old male patient who had suffered from severe postburn scar of the face and neck in association with serious cicatricial microstomia. DIEP flap is a typical perforator flap that has less(More)
Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a rare craniofacial disorder whose etiology has not been well understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sex difference and the scope of female predominance in PRS. The study used meta-analysis to examine 838 diverse patients from 26 articles. The result of the study showed a significantly higher risk in(More)
BACKGROUND The use of titanium during maxillofacial fixation is limited due to its palpability, mutagenic effects and interference with imaging, which lead to the requirement for subsequent removal. The use of a biologically absorbable fixation material will potentially eliminate these limitations. In this meta-analysis, we analyzed the complications of(More)